Samsung 3D TV: Accessories for Sale


Samsung 3D TV is one of the latest technologies which can be on discount sales on the market and being tested by different viewers today. Viewing it’s not complete without its accessories. The standard advisors all may be the 3D glasses wherein it lets viewers feel the full dimension of your 3D TV. There are other accessories for Samsung 3D TV on sale as well, for example consumers is going to get them if separately.

* Adult 3D Glasses (Battery Type)
Viewers reach enjoy the full dimension of Samsung 3D TV with these set of glasses. It’s got enhanced 3D resolution up to 1920×1080 and it has lightweight frames. There’re very feels good giving the sense of just wearing ordinary stylish glasses. It can take as much as 50 hours of viewing that has a frame rate of 120. Additionally there is a built-in transmitter utilizing this type of model. This accessory is sold separately.

* Adult 3D Glasses (Rechargeable Type)
They have almost identical features when using the battery type even though this type has rechargeable feature as opposed to previous one. Viewers no more should replace batteries ? all they want to do is recharge these its bundle accessory that’s the rechargeable cable. There’s a difference having its viewing hours when compared to the battery type – it only last for 30 viewing hours. Its package weight is all about 400g and its set weight is all about 37.6g together with the rechargeable battery included. Frame rate is about 120 and its transmittance is 35%. It’s got also the identical enhance 3D resolution while using battery type 1920×1080.

* Kids 3D Glasses (Rechargeable Type)
This type is perfect for kids. It has the same features when using the adult rechargeable enter in that the viewing hours about 30, a rechargeable type using a frame rate of 120 and transmittance approximately 35%. Its power socket can be a micro USB cable. To use package incorporates the rechargeable cable, user manual and batteries but they are built-in, no extras included. What’s more , it includes a built-in transmitter. Full resolution viewable using this type of accessory is 1920×1080. This accessory is sold separately.

* Ultra-slim Wall Mount
This is definitely accessory wherein it places the 3D TV onto a wall, like a picture frame. Not only does it make it look elegant about the wall could minimizes the area being consumed devoid of the wall mount. They may be quick to run through using its guidelines included in the package. What’s more , it requires lesser materials that creates this accessory eco-friendly. There are low profile that the distance between within the wall towards the back in the 3D TV is mostly about two centimeters. This accessory is likewise sold separately.

* Push-button control (Touch type)
This is not any ordinary handheld remote control that standard televisions have. Control the Samsung 3D TV utilizing its 3-inch intuitive screen at full color. It gives viewers in order to features conveniently also it even provides a QWERTY keyboard for easier access and employ of internet@tv services just like Twitter or Facebook. This handheld control is not just usable for this model but in addition with models as well including the LEDTV.

There are many accessories for Samsung 3D TV easily obtainable in this market. Quite a lot of which might be not included in the package. Before choosing, look into the bundle of accessories that will be within the Samsung 3D TV deal.

Source by: JohnLilly


Aviation Sights of Maryland

Aviation had descended on Maryland, literally, as far back as 1784 when America’s first balloon flight had returned to earth in Baltimore, beginning a long line of flight-related achievements.  Civil war balloons, for example, had constituted the world’s first “aircraft carriers” in 1861, and the world’s oldest, continuously-operating airport, College Park, had been established in 1909 in order to train the first two Army pilots to fly their Wright Brothers-designed aircraft.  Navy pioneer flights had been conducted in Annapolis.  Home to three major aircraft manufacturers and several smaller ones, Maryland had spawned the first commuter airline, Henson, while today it is the location of NASA’s Goddard Space flight Center and the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA).

Maryland’s aviation history can be divided into six periods:

  1. The pioneer days, during which the initial airfields had sprung up with the grass which had provided their runways.
  2. The classic era, when the first airports and airlines had been established and the first airmail service had been inaugurated.
  3. The military-necessitated expansion, particularly during the Second World War.
  4. The post-war and Cold War period.
  5. Present-day aviation.
  6. Space.

These periods, along with their advancements, can be studied at several aerospace-related sights, all of which are within an hour’s radius by road.

The first of these, at Martin State Airport in Middle River, is the Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum.

Born on January 17, 1886, Glenn Luther Martin himself, a self-taught pilot, had owned Ford and Maxwell dealerships in Santa Ana, California, at age 22.  His first aircraft, a Curtiss Pusher-resembling biplane powered by a 12-hp Ford engine, had been designed and built in collaboration with mechanics in an auto shop set up in a rented, unused church.  He had been the third American after the Wright Brothers and Curtiss himself to have designed his own aircraft.

Establishing the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company in 1912, he had immediately adopted a strategy of hiring talented managers and trained engineers, many of whom had later become aircraft manufacturers in their own right, such as William Boeing, Donald Douglas, Lawrence Bell, and James S. McDonnell.  His resounding success can be directly attributed to his dedicated, unwavering life philosophy, expressed in 1918.  “The way to build aircraft or do anything else worthwhile,” he had stated, “is to think out quietly every detail, analyze every situation that may possibly occur, and, when you have it all worked out in practical sequence in your mind, raise Heaven and hell, and never stop until you have produced the thing you started to make.”

Martin State Airport, inextricably tied to the man who had created it, had been founded in 1929 when Martin had purchased 1,260 acres 12 miles east of Baltimore in order to establish an aircraft manufacturing factory, then considered one of the most modern.  The Eastern Baltimore County communities which had housed its workforce had developed concurrently with it.

The high-speed B-10 bomber, for which Martin had been awarded the Collier Trophy, had been built here during the early-1930s.

Between 1939 and 1940, construction of three runways, three hangars, and an Airport Administration Building had taken place, while several more hangars, including those at Strawberry Point, had followed in 1941.

Always relying on military orders, particularly for heavy bombers, the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company had designed the twin-engine PBM series flying boat; the twin-engine, high-wing, high-speed M-26 Marauder; and the Martin Mars, all bombers instrumental during World War II, its only significant commercial design having been the three M-130 Clipper flying boats built for Pan Am in 1935.  A one-off M-156, a larger-span derivative for Russia, had been produced three years later.

The twin, piston-engined, unpressurized Martin 2-0-2 of 1946-1947 and its pressurized counterpart, the Martin 4-0-4 of 1950-1951, had constituted its only significant post-war airliners.  Intended as elusive DC-3 replacements, they had faced strong competition from the similar Convair 240, 340, and 440 series.

The B-57 Canberra, a twin-jet, straight-winged, medium bomber designed for the US Air Force, had been produced between 1952 and 1954.

Conceding to changing economic conditions, the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company had merged with the American-Marietta Corporation, a major defense contractor of missiles, space hardware, avionics, and guidance systems, in 1961, resulting in the Martin-Marietta Corporation, its successor.  Nevertheless, between 1909 and 1960, the Martin company had autonomously churned out more than 11,000 aircraft and 80 predominantly military designs, most of which had fought in all theaters of war.

On September 20, 1975, the state of Maryland had acquired the 747-acre Martin State Airport in order to offer a Baltimore-proximity general aviation reliever field.

Once again merging with Lockheed in 1995, the Martin-Marietta Corporation, rebranded Lockheed-Martin, had been parlayed into one of the world’s largest aerospace manufacturers.

Martin State Airport, with a single, 6,996-foot runway and a private tower, is home to the 175th Wing of the Maryland Air National Guard, comprised of the 135th Airlift Group and the 175th Flight Group, basing a fleet of A-10C and C-130J Hercules aircraft there.

The Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum, located at the airport, had been founded in 1990 “to maintain an educational institution dedicated to the promotion, preservation, and documentation of aviation and space history in Maryland,” according to its mission statement, particularly “the contributions of Glenn L. Martin and his successful company.”

The museum, chronicling the development of the aircraft manufacturer, its designs, and its people from its origins to its present form as Lockheed-Martin, features photographs and models, subdivided by period, such as “The Dream,” “The Early Years,” “The Depression,” “The Pre-War Era,” “The War Years,” “The Postwar Era,” “The Cold War Era,” and “Present.”  Eleven mostly-Lockheed aircraft, showcased on the ramp at Strawberry Point and requiring vehicle escort, include a Martin 4-0-4 airliner; an F-101F Voodoo jet interceptor; an F-4 Phantom; a TA-4J Skyhawk, which had been used during the filming of “Top Gun;” two Martin RB-57A Canberra jet reconnaissance bombers; an F-105G Thunderjet; an F-100F Super Sabre; an A-7D Corsair II; an RF-84F Thunderflash jet photo-reconnaissance aircraft; and a Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star jet trainer.

South of Martin State Airport, in the BWI Observation Gallery of Baltimore-Washington International Airport, present-day commercial aviation can be studied.  The gallery, overlooking the ramp, features displays about the evolution of the airliner, weather, and air traffic control, but its strength lies in the many actual airliner sections which permit detailed inspection, including a Boeing 707 main undercarriage bogie; a Boeing 737-200 nose and cockpit, a fuselage mid-section, a right wing with fully extended spoilers and trailing edge flaps, and a vertical stabilizer and rudder; and a Boeing 747-100 Pratt and Whitney JT9D-7A turbofan.  Located before the airport’s security area, it is accessible to the general public.

Twenty-five miles south of the airport, in Greenbelt, Maryland, is an opportunity to shift focus from aviation to aerospace at the Goddard Space Flight Center.  Located on a 1,270-acre area, which excludes the adjacent Magnetic Test Facility and the Propulsion Research site, it had been established in 1959 as NASA’s first space flight center whose purpose had been to develop and operate unmanned scientific spacecraft in order to manage many of its earth observation, astronomy, and physics missions, and is currently one of 13 such centers strategically located throughout the country.

Dr. Robert H. Goddard, for whom the Maryland facility had been named, is recognized as the father of modern rocket propulsion and is to space what the Wright Brothers had been to aviation.

The Goddard Space Flight Center, the location of the US’s largest organization of combined scientists and engineers dedicated to learning about and sharing their knowledge of the earth, the sun, the solar system, and the universe, builds and operates most of NASA’s science research satellites, including the Hubble Space Telescope, and manages their tracking and orbiting.  It will play a major role in the US’s return to the moon with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission (LRO) whose purpose is to develop new technologies to support human space exploration of Mars and beyond.

Numerous, campus-wide facilities enable it to achieve these goals.  The Gravity Evaluation Facility, for example, evaluates optical components and detection systems used in space instrumentation, while the Flight Dynamics Facility offers a range of engineering services to mission designers, spacecraft builders, and the spacecraft themselves, determining their orbits and altitudes.  It supports both Space Shuttle and expendable launch vehicles.

The high-capacity centrifuge rotates and accelerates 5,000-pound payloads up to 30 revolutions-per-minute.  The Hubble Space Telescope Center observes and controls the telescope 24 hours per day.

Computational modeling and processing of space-borne observations, the responsibility of the NASA Center for Computational Sciences, has greatly increased understanding of earth, the solar system, and the universe, while the Communications Network provides communications support for all NASA projects by means of its global positioning system.

Generating commands and interfacing communication between the ground and spacecraft is attained through Goddard’s Payload Operations Control Center, and the three-story thermal-vacuum chamber, located in the Space Environment Simulator, is able to create temperature and vacuum conditions of any conceivable launch or orbit.

Actual spacecraft, their components, and their tools are manufactured by the Spacecraft Fabrication Facility.

Finally, the Spacecraft Systems Development and Integration Facility, at 86,000 square feet one of the world’s largest laminar-flow “clean rooms,” is able to remove 99.99-percent of all particles in the air.  The Hubble Space Telescope’s First Servicing Mission, for example, had utilized this facility for preparation of its instruments and devices before their transfer to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida for launch on Space Shuttle mission STS-61.  The successful telescope servicing, requiring five extravehicular activities (EVAs), had entailed an 11-day mission.

An overview of Goddard Space Flight Center’s engineering and technology activities, earth and space science studies, and general mission and goals can be gleaned from its Visitors Center.

The final, but perhaps most significant, Maryland aviation sight, located only a few miles from the Goddard Space Flight Center, is the College Park Aviation Museum.

Its College Park Airport location, chosen in 1909 so that the Wright Brothers could fulfill their requirement to train two officers to fly their US Army-selected Wright Model A Military Flyer, and currently a general aviation facility with 80 based aircraft and a single, 2,600-foot runway, qualifies it as the world’s oldest, continuously-operating airport and had been the scene of numerous aviation-relation innovations.

Mrs. Ralph H. Van Daman, for instance, had become the first woman in the US to fly as a passenger and Lieutenant George Sweet had become the first naval officer to take to the skies.  In 1911, the first Army Aviation School had been established here.

Aviation innovations continued the following year: a “Military Aviator” pilot rating, for example, had been introduced; the first aircraft-installed machine gun had been tested; Lieutenant Hap Arnold had made the first mile-high flight; and, sadly, the first death of a military enlisted man, Corporal Frank S. Scott of the US Army, had occurred.

Instrumental in the development of aviation, College Park Airport is today a living, multi-faceted history book with chapters concerning Wright Brothers pilot training, military training, inaugural airmail service, vertical flight testing, blind navigation aid development, the Golden Age of Aviation, civilian pilot training, public acceptance of flight, World War II Women’s Air Services Pilots (WASP) training, North Pole open-cockpit biplane flight, present-day general aviation, and ultimate inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places.

Many original and reproduction aircraft, exhibited in the adjacent College Park Aviation Museum, tell the airport’s story.  The 27,000-square-foot museum itself, a glass-and-brick, curved roof building inspired by early Wright Brothers aircraft and an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, had opened in 1998 “to research, preserve, interpret, and promote the history and collections of the College Park Airport.”

The historically significant aircraft, overlooking the airport’s runway through floor-to-ceiling windows, cover the 45-year period from 1901 to 1946.  The 1901 Wright Glider, for instance, had been wind tunnel-tested at NASA Langley, while the 1910 Wright Model B, a two-seat, fabric-covered biplane turned with the aid of Wright-designed wing-warping, had formed part of the US’s first Military Aviation School.  The Bleriot XI, a monoplane which had been the first to have crossed the English Channel from Calais to Dover on July 25, 1909, had been manufactured and sold by the College Park-located National Aeroplane Company.

The Curtiss JN-4H Jenny, the workhorse of the airmail fleet, had inaugurated airmail service from College Park to New York on August 12, 1918, although the museum’s example is of the earlier JN-4D series.  The Berliner Helicopter, designed by father-and-son team Emile and Henry Berliner, is a triplane-appearing aircraft which had mated a Nieuport 23 fuselage with two counter-rotating rotors and had conducted vertical flight experiments in 1924.

The Monocoupe 110, Taylor J-2 Cub, Taylorcraft BL-65, and Aeronica 65LA Chief, all represented by the museum, had played major roles in civilian pilot training and air shows during the 1930s and –40s here, while the Boeing PT-17 Stearman had successfully made the first open-cockpit biplane flight to the North Pole.

A scaled-down replica of the Wright Brothers’ 1909 hangar, an airmail exhibit entailing the Curtiss Jenny and a mannequin representing first airmail pilot Max Miller, and an air derby platform typical of the George Brinckerhoff period all aid in illustrating the historical chapters written at College Park Airport.

From the hot air balloons which had first ascended from its soil in 1784 to the return to the moon mission of the near future, Maryland has provided the stage upon which aviation had developed before it could move up, literally, to the higher level for which it had been intended—in essence, the way the entire planet has provided the stage upon which we have developed before we all move up to the higher level for which we had been intended…


Source by: Robert G. Waldvogel

Toronto Limos: Showcase Your Lifestyle

Earlier, limousine cars were available to serve to the rich, high class celebrities only. Over the time, the pattern has changed, nowadays whosoever wants to enjoy a limousine ride can rent the same. Toronto Limos are mainly used for rental purposes. The entire focus has shifted and now limousines rental services are available for many different occasions. Renting a limousine now is not a challenging task as the number of rental agencies are available.

People are becoming more status conscious and hence they require expensive cars to showcase their lifestyle. No matter what ocassion they are going for? They always demand a ravishing car like limousine to travel in. There are many companies available offering Toronto Limos rental services to make your ride more exciting. These cars are being rented for a number of occasions ranging from birthday celebration to the weddling ceremony. Here are some of the major occasions for which you can rent a limousine.

WEDDINGS: Wedding is a special occasion that is why we all want to make it memorable. Hiring limousine for your wedding day makes a perfect choice. Make your day even more exciting by renting a limousine. Most importantly, it is one of the best ways to impress your bride on the wedding day. She would love to get a ride in a limousine. Get your partner a number of gift items such as roses, Champaign to enhance your ride.

VISITING NIGHTCLUB: If you are planning to have a night out with friends, then renting Toronto Limos would be the best option. Many limousine rental services are available and they have tie-ups with many clubs. Thus, they will take you from your place and will drop you night club. Also, they allow you to enjoy their specialties. Usually, hummer limousine is rented by party goers as it makes a perfect fitted choice with disco ambience.

SCHOOL PROMS: Another benefit of limousine rental services is to use in celebrations of school prom. As we all know that it is the most important day for students, thus it has become important for parents to make this day special and memorable. Usually, white or pink colored cars are rented to make the interior stylish. This luxury car will surely put an everlasting impression on your classmates.

BIRTHDAYS: No matter what, birthdays are among the most auspicious days in everyone’s life. Toronto Limos will create a long lasting memory. For celebrating a birthday, all you need is a limousine to have a rocking entry to your party. It will help you create a long lasting memory in the minds of your friends. SUV limousine is a perfect choice to meet the birthday requirements.

Limousine rental services offer a wide variety of options to choose from. The services are available for all not just for rich and business class. You can rent a limousine that best fits the event you are hiring for. Search over the web to get more information about the best limousine rental services.

 


Source by: Toronto Limos

Cuba Will Host the 14th World Championship in Underwater Photography

Cuba was confirmed to host the World Championship of Underwater Photography 2013 and opened the call to the International Underwater Photography Event Fotosub 2012, this time in Key Largo del Sur.

Both competitions will take place in the area of the Archipelago Los Canarreos, south of Cuba, since it has better conditions for a larger audience to the traditional event that takes place at the Colony Hotel in the Isle of Youth.

Coral reefs, a special tourist attraction in Cuba

Key Largo has an excellent hotel infrastructure and seafood. Added to this is the beautiful scenery, both on land and underwater, being for these reasons the perfect place for your Cuba Holidays. Experts recommend December through March for the implementation of these practices in Cuba because the seabed is clearer. However, environmental problems sometimes may play tricks.

About six thousand 500 varieties of fish, crustaceans, sponges and molluscs, accompanied by numerous species of corals, make the island one of the best preserved marine ecosystems in the region.

Jose Miguel Diaz Escrich, president of Business Group of Marine and Nautical Marlin SA, announced the news about both events at the Marina Hemingway. He explained that at the request of participants, usually in the preceding year of the World Champion an international competition is carried out in the same place, to become familiar with the surroundings and the environment in the region.

This is an opportunity to promote the Cuban underwater heritage, and to register in images its diversity and endemism. The underwater photography boom comes with a group of enthusiastic participants, many with samples both domestically and internationally, especially among persons between 30 and 40 years old, with a background in diving and photography.

The previous Underwater Photography World Championship was last held in Turkey, which involved 88 teams from several countries, being Spain the victorious.

The Cuban Ministry of Tourism is working hard for the success of this event with which the island takes an important step to become a privileged destination for global diving.

Photographers Daniel Perez, Julio Santos and Carlos Otero, as well as the model Themis Garcia, form part of team that will represent Cuba. They were the winners of the Third National Underwater Photography Contest held last year in areas of the National Aquarium in Havana.

The 14th World Underwater Photography Championship will be the most important event in these specialties since 1964, when in Cuba took place the World Spearfishing.


Source by: Miguel Gibson

Bill Bailey


www.billbailey.co.uk/

Bill Bailey (born Mark Bailey 13 January 1965, Bath, Somerset) is an English stand-up comedian, musician and actor. As well as his extensive stand-up work, Bailey is well known for his appearances on Have I Got News for You, Never Mind the Buzzcocks, QI and Black Books.

Bailey was listed by The Observer as one of the 50 funniest acts in British comedy in 2003, and in 2007 he was voted number seven on Channel 4’s hundred greatest stand-ups.

Contents

1 Personal life

2 Career

2.1 Early stand-up

2.2 Television

2.3 International tours

2.4 Other appearances

2.5 Music

2.6 Future

3 Selected works

3.1 Tours

3.2 DVDs

3.3 Books

3.4 TV/Film

4 References

5 External links

//

Personal life

Bailey spent the majority of his childhood in Keynsham, a town situated between Bath and Bristol in the West of England. His father was a general practitioner and his mother was a hospital ward sister. His maternal grandparents lived in an annexe, built on the side of the house by his maternal grandfather who was a stonemason and builder. Two rooms at the front of the family house were for his father’s surgery.

Bailey was educated at King Edward’s School, an independent school in Bath where he was initially an academic pupil winning most of the prizes. However, at about the age of 15 years, he started to become distracted from school work when he realised the thrill of performance as a member of a school band called Behind Closed Doors, which played mostly original work. He was the only pupil at his school to study A-level music and he passed with an A grade. He also claims to have been good at sport (captain of KES 2nd XI cricket team 1982), which often surprised his teachers. He would often combine the two by leading the singing on the long coach trip back from away rugby fixtures. It was here that he was given his nickname Bill by his music teacher, Ian Phipps, for being able to play the song “Won’t You Come Home Bill Bailey” so well on the guitar.

He started an English degree at Westfield College but left after a year.

He spent his early years listening to Monty Python records, and rehearsing with a band called the “Famous Five”, who he himself confesses were very bad but still much better than him and who, unexpectedly, had only four members. However, he is a classically trained musician and received an Associateship Diploma from the London College of Music as well as being made an honorary member of the Society of Crematorium Organists. Despite this, he has said that he always had the temptation to be silly with music, a trait that influences his stand-up shows.

Bailey often mythologises his early years in his stand-up. In his show Bewilderness, he claims to have attended Bovington Gurney School of Performing Arts and Owl Sanctuary. He talks about a succession of jobs he had before becoming a comedian, including lounge pianist, crematorium organist, door-to-door door-salesman and accompanist for a mind-reading dog. A clip of Bailey’s appearance in the dog’s routine was shown during his Room 101 appearance. He also is self-deprecating about his appearance, suggesting he is so hairy that he is part troll, or that his hair or beard is a small animal named Lionel whom he has trained to sit ‘very very still.’

Bailey also talks about his role as a “Disenfranchised Owl” in an experimental Welsh theatre troupe (mentioned in an interview with Australian newspaper Post). Other acting roles included a part in a Workers’ Revolutionary Party stage production called The Printers, which also featured Vanessa Redgrave and Frances de la Tour. His trivia page on IMDb also claims that he was awarded Best Actor in the 1986 Institut Franais awards.

An avid Star Trek fan, he named his son (born 2003) after the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine character Dax and often refers to himself as a Klingon (once claiming during his “Part Troll” tour that his ear-mounted microphone made him resemble “a wizard in a call centre” and “a Klingon motivational speaker”).

He currently lives in Hammersmith in London and supports Queens Park Rangers.

Career

Early stand-up

Bailey began touring the country with other comedians such as Mark Lamarr. In 1986 he formed a double act, the Rubber Bishops, with Toby Longworth (a former fellow pupil at King Edward’s Bath) who was replaced in 1988 by Martin Stubbs. They achieved a certain amount of success on the club circuit, partly due to their rigorous schedule sometimes as many as three or four gigs a night. It was here that Bailey began developing his own unique style, mixing in musical parodies with deconstructions of or variations on traditional jokes (“How many amoebas does it take to change a lightbulb? One, no two! No four! No eight…”) – according to comedy folklore, after a reviewer once criticised his act for its lack of jokes, Bailey returned the following night, at Queen Margaret College, Edinburgh, to perform a set composed entirely of punchlines.

Stubbs later quit to pursue a more serious career, and in 1994 Bailey performed Rock at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe with Sean Lock, a show about an aging rockstar and his roadie, script-edited by comedy writer Jim Miller. It was later serialised for the Mark Radcliffe show on BBC Radio 1. However, the show’s attendances were not impressive and on one occasion the only person in the audience was comedian Dominic Holland. Bailey confessed in an interview with The Independent that he almost gave it up to do a telesales job.

He persevered, however, and went solo the next year with the one man show Bill Bailey’s Cosmic Jam. The show was very well received and led to a recording at the Bloomsbury Theatre in London which was broadcast in 1996 on Channel 4 as a one-hour special called Bill Bailey Live. It was not until 2005 that this was released in DVD uncut and under its original title. It marked the first time that Bailey had been able to tie together his music and post-modern gags with the whimsical rambling style he is now known for.

After supporting Donna McPhail in 1995 and winning a Time Out award, he returned to Edinburgh in 1996 with a critically acclaimed show that was nominated for the Perrier Comedy Award. Amongst the other nominees was future Black Books co-star Dylan Moran, who narrowly beat him in the closest vote in the award’s history.

Bailey won the Best Live Stand-Up award at the British Comedy Awards, 1999.

Television

Though he didn’t win the Perrier in 1996, the nomination was enough to get him noticed, and in 1998 the BBC gave him his own television show, Is It Bill Bailey?

This was not Bailey’s first foray into television. His debut was on the children’s TV show Motormouth in the late 1980s, playing piano for a mind-reading dog.The trick went hilariously wrong, and Bailey reminisced about the experience on the BBC show Room 101 with Paul Merton in 2000. In 1991, he was appearing in stand-up shows such as The Happening, Packing Them In, The Stand Up Show, and The Comedy Store. He also appeared as captain on two panel games, an ITV music quiz pilot called Pop Dogs, and the poorly received Channel 4 sci-fi quiz show, Space Cadets. However Is it Bill Bailey? was the first time he had written and presented his own show.

With his star on the rise and gaining public recognition, over the next few years, Bailey made well received guest appearances on shows such as Have I Got News For You, World Cup Comedy, Room 101, Des O’Connor Tonight, Coast to Coast and three episodes of off-beat Channel 4 sitcom Spaced, in which he played comic-shop manager Bilbo Bagshot.

In 1998, Dylan Moran approached him with the pilot script for Black Books, a Channel 4 sitcom about a grumpy bookshop owner, his put-upon assistant, and their neurotic female friend. It was commissioned in 2000, and Bailey took the part of the assistant Manny Bianco, with Moran playing the owner Bernard, and Tamsin Greig the friend, Fran. Three series of six episodes were made, building up a large cult fanbase, providing the public awareness on which Bailey would build a successful national tour in 2001.

When Sean Hughes left his long-term role as a team captain on Never Mind the Buzzcocks in 2002, Bailey became his successor. His style quickly blended into the show, possibly helped by his background in music. He soon developed a rapport of sorts with host Mark Lamarr, who continually teased him about his looks and his pre-occupation with woodland animals. It was announced on the 18th of September 2008 that Bill would be leaving the series and be replaced by a series of guest captains including Jack Dee and Dermot O’Leary. Whilst touring in 2009, Bailey joked that his main reason for leaving the show was a lack of desire to continue humming Britney Spears’ Toxic to little known figures in the indie music scene.

Bailey has appeared frequently on the intellectual panel game QI since it began in 2003, appearing alongside host Stephen Fry and regular panellist Alan Davies. Other television appearances include a cameo role in Alan Davies’ drama series Jonathan Creek as failing street magician Kenny Starkiss and obsessed guitar teacher in the “Holiday” episode of Sean Lock’s Fifteen Storeys High. He later appeared with Lock again as a guest on his show TV Heaven, Telly Hell. He has also appeared twice on Friday Night with Jonathan Ross.

Bailey also presented Wild Thing I Love You which began on Channel 4 on 15 October 2006. The series focuses on the protection of Britain’s wild animals, and has included rehoming badgers, owls, and water voles.

Bailey has most recently appeared in the second series of the E4 teenage “dramedy” Skins playing Maxxie’s Dad, Walter Oliver. In episode 1, Walter struggles with his son’s desire to be a dancer, instead wishing him to become a builder, which is what he himself does for a living. Walter is married to Jackie, played by Fiona Allen.

Bailey appeared on the first episode of Grand Designs Live on 4 May 2008, helping Kevin McCloud build his eco-friendly home. In 2009 Bailey appeared in the BBC show “Hustle” as the Character “Cyclops”, a side-line character. In the Autumn of 2009 Bailey will be presenting, Bill Bailey’s Big Bird Watch.

International tours

Bailey in concert, 2007 Photo: Brian Marks

In 2001, Bailey began touring the globe with Bewilderness, which became a huge success. A recording of a performance in Swansea was released on DVD the same year, and the show was broadcast on Channel 4 that Christmas. A modified version of it also proved successful in America, and in 2002 Bill released a CD of a recording at the WestBeth Theatre in New York. The show contained all his trademarks, popular music parodies (such as Unisex Chip Shop, a Billy Bragg tribute which he actually performed with Billy Bragg at the 2005 Glastonbury Festival), “three men in a pub” jokes (including one in the style of Geoffrey Chaucer) and deconstructions of television themes such as Countdown and The Magic Roundabout. A ‘Bewilderness’ CD was sold outside gigs, which was actually just a mixture of studio recordings of songs and monologues Bill had performed in the past – it was later released in shops as Bill Bailey: The Ultimate Collection… Ever!. That same year he also presented a Channel 4 countdown, Top Ten Prog Rock.

Bailey premiered his show Part Troll at the 2003 Edinburgh Festival Fringe. A critical and commercial success, he then transferred it to the West End where tickets sold out in under 24 hours, and new dates had to be added. Since then he has toured it all over the UK as well as in America, Australia and New Zealand. The show marked the first time Bailey had really tackled political material, as he expanded on subjects such as the war on Iraq, which he had only touched upon before in his Bewilderness New York show. He also talks extensively on drugs, at one point asking the audience to name different ways of baking cannabis. A DVD was released in 2004.

2005 finally saw the release of his 1995 show Bill Bailey’s Cosmic Jam. The 2-disc set also contained a director’s cut of Bewilderness, which featured a routine on Stephen Hawking’s A Brief History of Time not seen in the original version.

Bailey performed at show at the 2006 Edinburgh Festival Fringe entitled “Steampunk”. It looked set to become the fastest selling fringe show ever (The previous record holder also being Bailey in The Odd Couple in 2005.) But a ticketing mix-up forced the last 10% of tickets to be Purchased in person from the venue rather than pre-booked, meaning the venue filled at a slower overall rate than it should have.

Bailey appeared at the Beautiful Days festival in August 2007. The UK leg of the Tinselworm tour enjoyed 3 sell-out nights at the MEN Arena in Manchester, Europe’s largest indoor arena, and culminated with a sell-out performance at Wembley Arena.

Early in 2007, a petition was started to express fans’ wishes to see him cast as a dwarf in the 2010 film The Hobbit, after his stand-up routine mentioned auditioning for Gimli in The Lord of the Rings. The petition reached its goal in the early days of January, and was sent to the producers. It was hoped that as the Tinselworm tour took him to Wellington in New Zealand where the film is in pre-production, that he would be able to audition..

Other appearances

In 2000 he had a small role in British comedy film Saving Grace, and also voiced the sperm whale in 2005’s The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy movie.

In 2002, Bailey provided the voice for a BMW Mini advertising campaign, as well as writing and performing a series of British Airways adverts in which, through the use of music, he took a humorous look at several locations around the world.

Bailey has also performed dramatic roles in two Edinburgh Festival Fringe shows, both directed by Guy Masterson. He played Juror #4 in a 2003 version of Twelve Angry Men featuring comedians in the roles of the jurors and also co-starred as Oscar in a 2005 production of The Odd Couple alongside Alan Davies.

Radio appearances include two episodes each of Chain Reaction, The 99p Challenge, I’m Sorry I Haven’t A Clue, and three episodes of Just a Minute, as well as presenting Good Vibrations: The History of the Theremin, co-hosting the first series of The Museum Of Curiosity and appearing on Loose Ends.

In 2005, he appeared in Birmingham, as an act for “Jasper Carrott’s Rock with Laughter”. He appeared alongside performers such as Bonnie Tyler, Jasper Carrott, Lenny Henry, Bobby Davro and the Lord of the Dance troupe.

Bill Bailey was due to appear in Shaun of the Dead, but in the commentary included with the DVD Simon Pegg and Edgar Wright said that he was not in the film because he was busy with other commitments at the time. He did however have two minor roles as the desk sergeant twins in Pegg and Wright’s 2007 film Hot Fuzz.

Bill Bailey hosting So You Think You’re Funny.

In February 2007 Bailey organised, produced and starred in a West End show called Pinter’s People, a collection of sketches by playwright Harold Pinter. The show also starred Kevin Eldon, Sally Phillips and Geraldine McNulty.

In March 2007, Bill Bailey appeared at the International Human Beatbox Convention at the South Bank Centre in London, introducing Shlomo to the stage for the climax of the concert, as well as showing off his own beatboxing.

On 4 May 2007, he appeared as the guest presenter of BBC One’s Have I Got News for You and again on the 9 May 2008.

In July 2007, Bill Bailey narrated a series of animated reading books for dyslexic children called ‘Nessy Tales’.

On 9 June 2008 Bailey was the guest on Radio 4’s Desert Island Discs and, later the same day, appeared in the first episode of an adaptation of The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists on the same station.

Also in June Bill made a guest appearance on the Australian show ‘Rove Live’ and whilst in a questionnaire to win $20 in 20 seconds, answered the question; “Who would you turn gay for?” by replying; “The pope”

In September, he was one of the hosts of the So You Think You’re Funny comedy gala at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.

On 12 November 2008, Bill was one of the performers of “We Are Most Amused”, a special comedy performance to celebrate the 60th birthday of Prince Charles.

Music

Bailey is a talented pianist and guitarist and has perfect pitch. His stand-up routines often feature music from genres such as jazz, rock (most notably prog rock from the early seventies), drum’n’bass, rave and classical, usually for comic value. Favourite instruments include the keyboard, guitar, theremin, kazoo and bongos. He also mentioned in an interview that he has achieved Grade 6 Clarinet. He was also part of punk band Beergut 100, which he founded in 1995 with comedy writer Jim Miller and also featured Martin Trenaman and Phil Whelans, with Kevin Eldon as lead singer. The band performed at the 2006 Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Trenaman and Welans had previously appeared in Cosmic Jam under the name “The Stan Ellis Experiment”, and Trenaman and Eldon later featured with John Moloney in the Kraftwerk homage “Das Hokey Kokey” on the Part Troll tour. Bill claims that he and the three other performers are a Kraftwerk tribute band called Augenblick. To mark the final gig of the Part Troll tour on 1 January 2005 the band reappeared on stage after the “Das Hokey Kokey” joke to play an hour-long encore of music.

In February 2007, Bill appeared on two occasions with the BBC Concert Orchestra and Anne Dudley in a show entitled Cosmic Shindig. Performed in The Colosseum in Watford on 24 February and in the Queen Elizabeth Hall on 26 February, the show contained orchestrally accompanied versions of many of Bill’s previously performed songs, an exploration of the instruments of the orchestra and a number of new pieces of music. The Queen Elizabeth Hall performance was aired on BBC Radio 3 on 16 March 2007 as a part of Comic Relief 2007.

Bill had planned to put himself forward as Britain’s Eurovision entry in 2008, as a result of several fan petitions encouraging him to do so.

In October 2008 he performed Bill Bailey’s Remarkable Guide to the Orchestra at the Royal Albert Hall with the BBC Concert Orchestra, conducted by Anne Dudley.

In November 2009 he was a guest on Private Passions, the biographical music discussion programme on BBC Radio 3.

Future

As of September 2008, Bailey is working on a film project about the explorer and naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace, in the form of an Indonesian travelogue. Bailey said in an interview that Wallace had been “airbrushed out of history”, and that he feels a “real affinity” with him.

Selected works

Tours

Cosmic Jam (1995)

Bewilderness (2001)

Part Troll (2004)

Steampunk (2006)

Tinselworm (2008)

Bill Bailey Remarkable Guide to the Orchestra (2009)

DVDs

Bewilderness (12 November, 2001)

Part Troll (22 November, 2004)

Cosmic Jam (7 November, 2005)

Bill Bailey – The Classic Collection (27 November, 2006) (Boxset featuring Bewilderness, Part Troll and Cosmic Jam)

Tinselworm (10 November, 2008)

Bill Bailey – The Collector’s Edition (10 November, 2008) (Boxset featuring Bewilderness, Part Troll, Cosmic Jam and Tinselworm)

Bill Bailey’s Remarkable Guide to the Orchestra (23 November, 2009)

Bill Bailey – The Inevitable Boxset (23 November, 2009) (Boxset featuring Bewilderness, Part Troll, Cosmic Jam, Tinselworm and Bill Bailey’s Remarkable Guide to the Orchestra)

Books

The Many Moods of Bill Bailey (A song book which collects 9 of Bill’s most popular songs from the period of 1995-2005. Including instructions from Bill himself (which ventures into how they were created) and pictures) (2007)

TV/Film

Blue Heaven (Channel 4 TV series) (1994)

Asylum (1996)

Space Cadets (1997) (Regular Team Captain)

Is It Bill Bailey? (1998)

Spaced (19992001)

Have I Got News for You (Guest – 1999, 2001, 2005. Guest Presenter – 2007, 2008, 2009)

Saving Grace (2000)

Maid Marian and her Merry Men (1992). Cameo court jester to King John

Black Books (20002004)

Jonathan Creek

“Satan’s Chimney” (2001)

“The Tailor’s Dummy” (2003)

Wild West (20022004)

Never Mind the Buzzcocks (20022008) (Regular team captain)

QI (2003resent) (Frequent guest)

“15 Storeys High” – “The Holiday” (2004)

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy (2005) (Voice of the Sperm Whale)

The Libertine (Small cameo role as advisor to Charles II of England).

Wild Thing I Love You (2006) (Presenter)

Top Gear (A Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car)

Hot Fuzz (2007)

Run Fatboy Run (2007) (Cameo)

Skins (2008)

Love Soup (2008)

We Are Most Amused (2008) (One-off special)

Hustle

“Return of the Prodigal” (2009)

“Diamond Seeker” (2009)

Bill Bailey’s Remarkable Guide to the Orchestra (2009)

Steve’s World (2009)

Burke and Hare (2010)

Bill Bailey’s Bird Watching Bonanza (2010)

References

^ a b “Bill Bailey”. screenonline. http://www.screenonline.org.uk/people/id/1191391/. 

^ a b “@BillBailey”. Twitter. http://twitter.com/RealBillBailey/status/7701657445. “@BillBailey”. Twitter. http://twitter.com/RealBillBailey/status/7707832487. “@BillBailey”. Twitter. http://twitter.com/RealBillBailey/status/9570692935. 

^ “Channel 4’s 100 Greatest Stand Ups”. http://www.channel4.com/entertainment/tv/microsites/C/comedy_standups/results/results.html. [dead link]

^ a b c “Desert Island Discs featuring Bill Bailey”. Desert Island Discs. BBC. Radio 4. 2008-06-08.

^ “Comedy Map of Britain”. News Events & Diary. King Edward’s School, Bath. 2007. http://www.kesbath.com/cgi-local/artman/exec/search.cgi?cat=1&fields=art_num&keyword=1553&template=index/newspage.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-02. 

^ “People are obsessed by how I look”, The Independent, 21 November 2008.

^ “Episode 1 – West London to the West Country”. The Comedy Map of Britain. BBC 2. 2007-01-27.

^ “Bill Bailey – About Bill”. http://www.billbailey.co.uk/about.php. 

^ http://fourfourtwo.com/interviews/celebrityfans/49/article.aspx

^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7623854.stm

^ Bill Baileys Big Bird Watch

^ “All That Glitters”. Wired, Croydon’s listings magazine. http://www.wiredmag.co.uk/archive-feature.php?issue_id=50&feature_id=69. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 

^ Gilded Balloon – So You Think You’re Funny

^ Simon Neville (2006). “Looking back at a week of Fringe madness”. living.scotsman.com. http://living.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=1484&id=1247052006. Retrieved 2007-01-02. 

^ Natbat (2006). “Kevin Eldon Interview”. notbbc.co.uk. http://www.notbbc.co.uk/features/15/kevin_eldon_interview.html. Retrieved 2007-01-02. 

^ “The essential guide to Edinburgh”. Special report Edinburgh 2006. Guardian Unlimited. 2006. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/edinburgh2006/story/0,,1826826,00.html. Retrieved 2007-01-02. 

^ Eurovision (Latest News)

^ “Bill Bailey’s Remarkable Guide to the Orchestra”. guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/stage/2008/oct/17/comedy. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 

^ BBC Radio 3

^ “How Bill got his groove”. Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/text/articles/2008/09/06/1220121596375.html. Retrieved 2008-09-15. 

^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0371724/ “Hitchhiker’s Guide To The Galaxy”, IMDB

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Bill Bailey

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bill Bailey

Bill Bailey — official website.

Bill Bailey at the Internet Movie Database.

Bill Bailey discography at Discogs.

Bill Bailey at the British Film Institute’s Screenonline.

Bill Bailey on Chortle.

v  d  e

Black Books

Characters

Bernard Black Manny Bianco Fran Katzenjammer

Actors

Dylan Moran Bill Bailey Tamsin Greig

Other

List of Black Books episodes

Persondata

NAME

Bailey, Bill

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Bailey, Mark

SHORT DESCRIPTION

English stand-up comedian, actor and musician

DATE OF BIRTH

24 February 1964

PLACE OF BIRTH

Bath, Somerset, England

DATE OF DEATH

PLACE OF DEATH

Categories: 1964 births | English comedians | Alumni of the Royal Academy of Music | Alumni of Westfield College | English comedy musicians | English guitarists | English buskers | English stand-up comedians | Living people | People from Bath | People from Keynsham | Never Mind the BuzzcocksHidden categories: All articles with dead external links | Articles with dead external links from January 2010 | Articles needing additional references from December 2009 | All articles needing additional references

Source by: witch

Aviation Sights of Maryland

Aviation had descended on Maryland, literally, as far back as 1784 when America’s first balloon flight had returned to earth in Baltimore, beginning a long line of flight-related achievements.  Civil war balloons, for example, had constituted the world’s first “aircraft carriers” in 1861, and the world’s oldest, continuously-operating airport, College Park, had been established in 1909 in order to train the first two Army pilots to fly their Wright Brothers-designed aircraft.  Navy pioneer flights had been conducted in Annapolis.  Home to three major aircraft manufacturers and several smaller ones, Maryland had spawned the first commuter airline, Henson, while today it is the location of NASA’s Goddard Space flight Center and the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA).

Maryland’s aviation history can be divided into six periods:

  1. The pioneer days, during which the initial airfields had sprung up with the grass which had provided their runways.
  2. The classic era, when the first airports and airlines had been established and the first airmail service had been inaugurated.
  3. The military-necessitated expansion, particularly during the Second World War.
  4. The post-war and Cold War period.
  5. Present-day aviation.
  6. Space.

These periods, along with their advancements, can be studied at several aerospace-related sights, all of which are within an hour’s radius by road.

The first of these, at Martin State Airport in Middle River, is the Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum.

Born on January 17, 1886, Glenn Luther Martin himself, a self-taught pilot, had owned Ford and Maxwell dealerships in Santa Ana, California, at age 22.  His first aircraft, a Curtiss Pusher-resembling biplane powered by a 12-hp Ford engine, had been designed and built in collaboration with mechanics in an auto shop set up in a rented, unused church.  He had been the third American after the Wright Brothers and Curtiss himself to have designed his own aircraft.

Establishing the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company in 1912, he had immediately adopted a strategy of hiring talented managers and trained engineers, many of whom had later become aircraft manufacturers in their own right, such as William Boeing, Donald Douglas, Lawrence Bell, and James S. McDonnell.  His resounding success can be directly attributed to his dedicated, unwavering life philosophy, expressed in 1918.  “The way to build aircraft or do anything else worthwhile,” he had stated, “is to think out quietly every detail, analyze every situation that may possibly occur, and, when you have it all worked out in practical sequence in your mind, raise Heaven and hell, and never stop until you have produced the thing you started to make.”

Martin State Airport, inextricably tied to the man who had created it, had been founded in 1929 when Martin had purchased 1,260 acres 12 miles east of Baltimore in order to establish an aircraft manufacturing factory, then considered one of the most modern.  The Eastern Baltimore County communities which had housed its workforce had developed concurrently with it.

The high-speed B-10 bomber, for which Martin had been awarded the Collier Trophy, had been built here during the early-1930s.

Between 1939 and 1940, construction of three runways, three hangars, and an Airport Administration Building had taken place, while several more hangars, including those at Strawberry Point, had followed in 1941.

Always relying on military orders, particularly for heavy bombers, the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company had designed the twin-engine PBM series flying boat; the twin-engine, high-wing, high-speed M-26 Marauder; and the Martin Mars, all bombers instrumental during World War II, its only significant commercial design having been the three M-130 Clipper flying boats built for Pan Am in 1935.  A one-off M-156, a larger-span derivative for Russia, had been produced three years later.

The twin, piston-engined, unpressurized Martin 2-0-2 of 1946-1947 and its pressurized counterpart, the Martin 4-0-4 of 1950-1951, had constituted its only significant post-war airliners.  Intended as elusive DC-3 replacements, they had faced strong competition from the similar Convair 240, 340, and 440 series.

The B-57 Canberra, a twin-jet, straight-winged, medium bomber designed for the US Air Force, had been produced between 1952 and 1954.

Conceding to changing economic conditions, the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company had merged with the American-Marietta Corporation, a major defense contractor of missiles, space hardware, avionics, and guidance systems, in 1961, resulting in the Martin-Marietta Corporation, its successor.  Nevertheless, between 1909 and 1960, the Martin company had autonomously churned out more than 11,000 aircraft and 80 predominantly military designs, most of which had fought in all theaters of war.

On September 20, 1975, the state of Maryland had acquired the 747-acre Martin State Airport in order to offer a Baltimore-proximity general aviation reliever field.

Once again merging with Lockheed in 1995, the Martin-Marietta Corporation, rebranded Lockheed-Martin, had been parlayed into one of the world’s largest aerospace manufacturers.

Martin State Airport, with a single, 6,996-foot runway and a private tower, is home to the 175th Wing of the Maryland Air National Guard, comprised of the 135th Airlift Group and the 175th Flight Group, basing a fleet of A-10C and C-130J Hercules aircraft there.

The Glenn L. Martin Maryland Aviation Museum, located at the airport, had been founded in 1990 “to maintain an educational institution dedicated to the promotion, preservation, and documentation of aviation and space history in Maryland,” according to its mission statement, particularly “the contributions of Glenn L. Martin and his successful company.”

The museum, chronicling the development of the aircraft manufacturer, its designs, and its people from its origins to its present form as Lockheed-Martin, features photographs and models, subdivided by period, such as “The Dream,” “The Early Years,” “The Depression,” “The Pre-War Era,” “The War Years,” “The Postwar Era,” “The Cold War Era,” and “Present.”  Eleven mostly-Lockheed aircraft, showcased on the ramp at Strawberry Point and requiring vehicle escort, include a Martin 4-0-4 airliner; an F-101F Voodoo jet interceptor; an F-4 Phantom; a TA-4J Skyhawk, which had been used during the filming of “Top Gun;” two Martin RB-57A Canberra jet reconnaissance bombers; an F-105G Thunderjet; an F-100F Super Sabre; an A-7D Corsair II; an RF-84F Thunderflash jet photo-reconnaissance aircraft; and a Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star jet trainer.

South of Martin State Airport, in the BWI Observation Gallery of Baltimore-Washington International Airport, present-day commercial aviation can be studied.  The gallery, overlooking the ramp, features displays about the evolution of the airliner, weather, and air traffic control, but its strength lies in the many actual airliner sections which permit detailed inspection, including a Boeing 707 main undercarriage bogie; a Boeing 737-200 nose and cockpit, a fuselage mid-section, a right wing with fully extended spoilers and trailing edge flaps, and a vertical stabilizer and rudder; and a Boeing 747-100 Pratt and Whitney JT9D-7A turbofan.  Located before the airport’s security area, it is accessible to the general public.

Twenty-five miles south of the airport, in Greenbelt, Maryland, is an opportunity to shift focus from aviation to aerospace at the Goddard Space Flight Center.  Located on a 1,270-acre area, which excludes the adjacent Magnetic Test Facility and the Propulsion Research site, it had been established in 1959 as NASA’s first space flight center whose purpose had been to develop and operate unmanned scientific spacecraft in order to manage many of its earth observation, astronomy, and physics missions, and is currently one of 13 such centers strategically located throughout the country.

Dr. Robert H. Goddard, for whom the Maryland facility had been named, is recognized as the father of modern rocket propulsion and is to space what the Wright Brothers had been to aviation.

The Goddard Space Flight Center, the location of the US’s largest organization of combined scientists and engineers dedicated to learning about and sharing their knowledge of the earth, the sun, the solar system, and the universe, builds and operates most of NASA’s science research satellites, including the Hubble Space Telescope, and manages their tracking and orbiting.  It will play a major role in the US’s return to the moon with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission (LRO) whose purpose is to develop new technologies to support human space exploration of Mars and beyond.

Numerous, campus-wide facilities enable it to achieve these goals.  The Gravity Evaluation Facility, for example, evaluates optical components and detection systems used in space instrumentation, while the Flight Dynamics Facility offers a range of engineering services to mission designers, spacecraft builders, and the spacecraft themselves, determining their orbits and altitudes.  It supports both Space Shuttle and expendable launch vehicles.

The high-capacity centrifuge rotates and accelerates 5,000-pound payloads up to 30 revolutions-per-minute.  The Hubble Space Telescope Center observes and controls the telescope 24 hours per day.

Computational modeling and processing of space-borne observations, the responsibility of the NASA Center for Computational Sciences, has greatly increased understanding of earth, the solar system, and the universe, while the Communications Network provides communications support for all NASA projects by means of its global positioning system.

Generating commands and interfacing communication between the ground and spacecraft is attained through Goddard’s Payload Operations Control Center, and the three-story thermal-vacuum chamber, located in the Space Environment Simulator, is able to create temperature and vacuum conditions of any conceivable launch or orbit.

Actual spacecraft, their components, and their tools are manufactured by the Spacecraft Fabrication Facility.

Finally, the Spacecraft Systems Development and Integration Facility, at 86,000 square feet one of the world’s largest laminar-flow “clean rooms,” is able to remove 99.99-percent of all particles in the air.  The Hubble Space Telescope’s First Servicing Mission, for example, had utilized this facility for preparation of its instruments and devices before their transfer to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida for launch on Space Shuttle mission STS-61.  The successful telescope servicing, requiring five extravehicular activities (EVAs), had entailed an 11-day mission.

An overview of Goddard Space Flight Center’s engineering and technology activities, earth and space science studies, and general mission and goals can be gleaned from its Visitors Center.

The final, but perhaps most significant, Maryland aviation sight, located only a few miles from the Goddard Space Flight Center, is the College Park Aviation Museum.

Its College Park Airport location, chosen in 1909 so that the Wright Brothers could fulfill their requirement to train two officers to fly their US Army-selected Wright Model A Military Flyer, and currently a general aviation facility with 80 based aircraft and a single, 2,600-foot runway, qualifies it as the world’s oldest, continuously-operating airport and had been the scene of numerous aviation-relation innovations.

Mrs. Ralph H. Van Daman, for instance, had become the first woman in the US to fly as a passenger and Lieutenant George Sweet had become the first naval officer to take to the skies.  In 1911, the first Army Aviation School had been established here.

Aviation innovations continued the following year: a “Military Aviator” pilot rating, for example, had been introduced; the first aircraft-installed machine gun had been tested; Lieutenant Hap Arnold had made the first mile-high flight; and, sadly, the first death of a military enlisted man, Corporal Frank S. Scott of the US Army, had occurred.

Instrumental in the development of aviation, College Park Airport is today a living, multi-faceted history book with chapters concerning Wright Brothers pilot training, military training, inaugural airmail service, vertical flight testing, blind navigation aid development, the Golden Age of Aviation, civilian pilot training, public acceptance of flight, World War II Women’s Air Services Pilots (WASP) training, North Pole open-cockpit biplane flight, present-day general aviation, and ultimate inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places.

Many original and reproduction aircraft, exhibited in the adjacent College Park Aviation Museum, tell the airport’s story.  The 27,000-square-foot museum itself, a glass-and-brick, curved roof building inspired by early Wright Brothers aircraft and an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, had opened in 1998 “to research, preserve, interpret, and promote the history and collections of the College Park Airport.”

The historically significant aircraft, overlooking the airport’s runway through floor-to-ceiling windows, cover the 45-year period from 1901 to 1946.  The 1901 Wright Glider, for instance, had been wind tunnel-tested at NASA Langley, while the 1910 Wright Model B, a two-seat, fabric-covered biplane turned with the aid of Wright-designed wing-warping, had formed part of the US’s first Military Aviation School.  The Bleriot XI, a monoplane which had been the first to have crossed the English Channel from Calais to Dover on July 25, 1909, had been manufactured and sold by the College Park-located National Aeroplane Company.

The Curtiss JN-4H Jenny, the workhorse of the airmail fleet, had inaugurated airmail service from College Park to New York on August 12, 1918, although the museum’s example is of the earlier JN-4D series.  The Berliner Helicopter, designed by father-and-son team Emile and Henry Berliner, is a triplane-appearing aircraft which had mated a Nieuport 23 fuselage with two counter-rotating rotors and had conducted vertical flight experiments in 1924.

The Monocoupe 110, Taylor J-2 Cub, Taylorcraft BL-65, and Aeronica 65LA Chief, all represented by the museum, had played major roles in civilian pilot training and air shows during the 1930s and –40s here, while the Boeing PT-17 Stearman had successfully made the first open-cockpit biplane flight to the North Pole.

A scaled-down replica of the Wright Brothers’ 1909 hangar, an airmail exhibit entailing the Curtiss Jenny and a mannequin representing first airmail pilot Max Miller, and an air derby platform typical of the George Brinckerhoff period all aid in illustrating the historical chapters written at College Park Airport.

From the hot air balloons which had first ascended from its soil in 1784 to the return to the moon mission of the near future, Maryland has provided the stage upon which aviation had developed before it could move up, literally, to the higher level for which it had been intended—in essence, the way the entire planet has provided the stage upon which we have developed before we all move up to the higher level for which we had been intended…


Source by: Robert G. Waldvogel

Kim Jong-il and his Death: The Nearly Truth

Kim Jong-il (KIM)’s death was announced by the state media on 19 December 2011, with very brief and doubtful details on the time, place and cause of death. To unlock the truth, the foremost issue is to examine the creditability of North Korea’s state media.

How creditable are the materials from Korean Central News Agency?

The website of the state media, Korean Central News Agency, provides updates on KIM’s daily schedules and other important news of North Korea, alongside with photos and videos. People usually doubt if those materials are fabricated for the purpose of KIM’s propaganda.

In order to verify the truthfulness of those photos, as well as the said time and place of happenings, the author checked each any every photo (about KIM’s domestic visits) taken after he came back from Russia and Northeast China on 27 August 2011.

The result is: the author finds no discrepancies between the local weather condition as shown in the photos and the weather figures retrieved from the US meteorology website Wunderground.com. For example:

On 26 November 2011 KIM is said to be visiting People’s Army Air Force Unit 1016. According to Wunderground.com, on that day there is rainfall in most part of North Korea, including Pyongyang. The author checked the relevant photos and one of them shows that the camera lens is tinted with a few raindrop marks.^

On 4 November 2011 employees from Huichon Machinery Factory are said to be visiting Mangyongdae, birthplace of Kim Il-sung. Wunderground.com revealed that it is a rainy day in Pyongyang, where Mangyongdae is situated. The author checked and found photos with slippery floor.^

On 10 December 2011 KIM is said to be visiting the Hamhung city in South Hamgyong province. From the photos we can see that it is a sunny day while the ground and tree are covered with snow. What are the weather figures from Wunderground.com? 10 December is a sunny day, while 8 and 9 December are snowy days at Hamhung city.^

They match. It may indicate that the materials from North Korea’s state media are actually quite accurate in terms of the date and place of happenings. However, we are not sure if those visiting places are just “showrooms”, and if KIM is really giving insightful guidance as the state media describes.

Time, place and cause of death

On 19 December 2011, Korean Central News Agency posted the following press release:

…2011년12월17일 달리는 야전렬차안에서 중증급성심근경색이 발생되고 심한 심장성쇼크가 합병되였다.발병즉시 모든 구급치료대책을 세웠으나 주체100(2011)년12월17일8시30분에 서거하시였다…

…On 17 December 2011 Kim Jong-il suffered from a combination of severe acute myocardial infarction and serious heart shock on a running local train. Every possible first-aid measure was taken immediately but he passed away at 8:30am on 17 December ….

Local train?

In the subsequent press releases Korean Central News Agency mentions that the local train is “ordinary” (수수한) and “people-line” (인민행). But sources have already suggested that the KIM’s train(s) is actually specially designed and highly secured. It just looks ordinary and people-line from outside, for the purpose of defying spies and satellites.

Every possible first-aid measure?

Jo Myeong-seon (조명선), a military general acquainted with Kim Il-sung, died as a result of cerebral hemorrhage in July 1994. It was reported that due to Jo’s senior position, the doctor-in-charge was afraid to take aggressive surgical treatment which may save him. The same may happen on KIM.

Early in the morning?

The author checked the photos published by Korean Central News Agency and found something which hints on whether KIM is an early bird.

In the album with photos taken on 4 December, we can see that KIM was accompanied by his younger sister, his son and other officials to visit Kaeson Youth Park. They took a group photo near a pirate-boat-like structure, and the distant Pyongyang TV Tower was behind them. According to the Google Map, Pyongyang TV Tower is located at the northeast of that pirate-boat-like structure. As observed in the photo, people’s shadows are eastward-casting and long, which indicates that they were visiting the park in the evening.

map2.png Pyongyang TV Tower and the pirate-boat-like structure in Kaeson Youth Park (Google Map)

The author checked other albums and found a number of long-shadow photos (though not sure of the casting direction). This may suggest that KIM’s visits were usually done in the evening, which is consistent with the saying that he is a late starter. Therefore, dying outdoor at 8:30am may not be a truth.

During the course of a field visit?

As explained above, it appears that materials from North Korea’s state media are quite accurate in terms of the date and place of happenings. The author checked KIM’s schedule on his last 110 days (after he came back from Russia/ Northeast China visits on 27 August 2011), as reported by Korean Central News Agency. The following figures are computed:

– 19 days were spent on field visits;

– 11 days were spent on military visits (all start after 19 Oct);

– On a weekly average, 1.9 days were spent on either field visits or military visits.

In addition, among the 18 identifiable field visit destinations, eight are located within Pyongyang, and ten are located outside Pyongyang. Some field visits were even conducted on Sunday. It shows that KIM is actually quite enjoy/ busy travelling within the state. He could be dying during the course of a field visit.

Korea2.png 18 identifiable field visit destinations made by KIM after 27 August 2011

An interesting observation is that the destinations of KIM’s field visit is quite diverse, ranging from agricultural (e.g. pig, duck and terrapin farm), industrial (e.g. dam, mine and smelting plant) to commercial areas (e.g. nursery, meat and pancake shop).

Korean Central News Agency also details what KIM was doing on 17 December in the previous years:

17 Dec 2010: N/A. It was the aftermath of North Korea’s shelling of Yeonpyong Island, South Korea.

17 Dec 2009: Visiting Chongjin University of Mining and Metallurgy, as well as Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex.

17 Dec 2008: Visiting different units in Kanggye City.

17 Dec 2007: Visiting People’s Army Unit 1971.

Sustainability of Kim regime

At the time of this article Kim Jong-un, KIM’s third son, has been selected as the military head, and presumably the head of the state. Can he gain the legitimacy to rule as KIM did? There are a number of factors to look into:

Kim Il-sung Effect

As we know the father of KIM, Kim Il-sung, is a heroic figure in North Korea. Partly because he and his army expelled the Japanese from Korea peninsula; partly because he is the founder of the new Korea; and partly because of the state propaganda. He died in 1994 and he is still highly worshipped in North Korea:

– many people are still wearing the Kim Il-sung badge;

– a new calendar system beginning in 1912 (Kim Il-sung’s year of birth);

– 15 April (Kim Il-sung’s birthday) is a public holiday

– Kim Il-sung’s figure on coins and paper currency

As a result, the Kim regime originated from Kim Il-sung gains much recognition among the people. This helps the descendants of Kim Il-sung, including KIM and Kim Jong-un, to gain the legitimacy to rule in the undemocratic country.

The desire to be united, and to be strong and prosperous

Basically, there is only one ethnic group in Korea, which is the Korean. For the North Koreans, the unification of Korean peninsula is of a very high priority. At the same time, they want to build a strong and prosperous nation. This explains why Kim regime always prepares militarily to achieve unification, and it also promises that North Korea would be a strong and prosperous nation by 2012.

Undertaking economic reform may bring massive economic benefits to the country. However, it has to be done at a right time with the support from stakeholders. Otherwise, it would lead to political conflicts and further threaten the goal of unification.

Implication on Kim Jong-un

As the grandson of Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-un gains a comparative advantage in seizing the power. However, he still needs to be very careful. In an ideological country like North Korea, rivals can make good use of “mistake” and impose ideological accusation. Mistake could include:

– wearing jeans, which is prohibited in the country

– using Iphone or Galaxy

– any friendly gesture to South Korea, Japan or US

– overfriendly gesture to China or Russia

On the first day of 2012 the state media announced that North Korea has ruled out any policy changes. This announcement partly serves to safeguard Kim Jong-un’s rule by preventing any accusation of ideological change.


Source by: Ken Chan

Tamil Nadu – A Big Contender for Attracting Investment in India

Tamil Nadu is an Indian state that lies in the southern part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.  It’s the fifth largest contributor to India’s GDP and the most urbanized state in the country with the highest number of Business enterprises, pegged at 10.56%, compared to the overall population share of 6%.

With Chennai as its capital, Tamil Nadu is the seventh most populous state in India and has the fifth largest economy and the third highest Human Development Index out of 29 Indian states. The state’s economic growth was slowed by the Fiscal crisis that peaked in 1999/2000 forcing its government to implement wide ranging financial and structural reforms. The reform program impacted the economy with a good fiscal adjustment. The five policy notes from the government span fiscal reform and sustainability, improving investment environment, agricultural development, governance challenges and the state’s poverty profile.

The Tamil Nadu Industrial Investment Corporation (TIIC) has proposed to advance nearly Rs.13, 000 million for promotion of industries in the state in the fiscal year 2010/2011. Out of this, about Rs. 1000 million is earmarked for advancing loans for the existing industries and for starting new ventures.  The TIIC earned a profit of about Rs.400 million after a gap of several years for the year 2009/2010 fiscal calendar. The organization has been providing financial assistance at competitive interest rates for the setting up of new industrial units, expansion, modernization and the diversification of existing industries. The State plans to announce a new mining policy, in line with the national policy, this year.

The state’s GDP at 2007 stood at Rs. 2,750,000 million in current prices, a corresponding GDP growth rate of 12.1% for that period. The economy is split into: the services industry, contributing 45% of its economic activities; manufacturing, comprising 34%, and the agricultural sector taking 21%. However, the state’s government has been the major investor in the state with a total of 51% total investments followed by private investors at 29.9% and foreign investments at 14.9%. The city has about 110 industrial parks and efficient infrastructure that has been behind recent major economic successes. The Tamil Nadu Investors Association aims at educating small investors, protecting their interests and promoting investments and entrepreneurship in the state.

Major industrial successes in the state include multinationals and big Indian firms located in the region. They include BMW, Ford, Renault-Nissan, Caterpillar, Hyundai, Mitsubishi Motors, Ashok Leyland, Hindustan, TVS Motors, and Royal Enfield etc in the automobile industry while telecommunication giants include Nokia, Flextronics, Motorola, Sony-Ericsson, Foxconn, Samsung, Cisco, Dell and Moser Baer.


Source by: Kamal Kishore Poria

Future Predictions And Astrology Readings With The Best Jyotish In Hyderabad

Astrology is the ideological influence of planets and stars, research bodies and lives of individuals in the exercise group. Correct information which sport can help people improve his personality, human affairs, and other terrestrial matters.

It has been planning and tracking the planets, stars and the night sky thousands of years, the position of other objects visible. Until relatively modern times, they are used for navigation and to keep track of time, and their changing positions conducted in-depth research and an important tool for the purpose of recording. In the observation of celestial bodies very close relationship, however, people began to notice the actions and events on Earth; it seems to correspond with the pattern observed patterns in the sky. This laid the study of astrology and use celestial bodies to help predict and understand the practical foundation of human activity.

We know that stars emit large amounts of electromagnetic radiation, and we know that they are in constant motion and constant fluctuations. We know that their changing positions and properties of all produce near influence, because we can directly observe the effects of our sun’s gravity, electromagnetic energy fluctuations on our planet. Stars, planets and other objects in our galaxy are mutually interacting galaxies interact with each other, form an energy giant, ever-changing network and substance, which we call our universe. It follows, then, change the position of these objects to objects and organisms can have a profound impact on its celestial environment.

Astrology seeks to understand and apply these principles to explain and predict human life mode. And jyotish is a complex and imperfect study, which is based on a pattern, has developed over thousands of years by observing that theory with the help of the best jyotish in Hyderabad. The universe is a very complex system engineering, scientists are only just beginning to understand, the more we study it, the more it seems that everything is connected, and the impact on the vitality of the planet than we can imagine more complex.

Astrology technical help future teller obtain information about a person’s personality, strengths and weaknesses of the information. There are many famous astrology versions like India astrology, Chinese astrology, Egyptian astrology and western astrology. Indian and Western teller future astrological chart creation and learning based on commonly known as the star of ‘ constellation ‘ of the activities of the current situation in the event . Future teller India has a firm belief that there is a time someone was born, inherent to his / her personality traits meaningful contact. Natal chart reveals a lot about the person, his fate and prediction may be performed by researchers star. Withdrawals from the future by seeking help, people can sense the future direction of their choice.

 


Source by: Maakamakhya Jyotish

25 Facts About Algeria

1. Algeria is the second largest country in Africa

2. Over 1 million Algerians died during the country’s fight for independence from France which they achieved in 1962

3. Algeria is the largest exporter of propane/butane in the world

4. The highest ever recorded temperature in Algeria was 60.5 degrees centigrade

5. Algeria has the largest oat market in Africa

6. The area used to be known as Numidia

7. Constantine is twinned with Istanbul and Grenoble in France

8. Out of 132 capital cities studied, Algiers is considered to be one of the least livable

9. 80%-90% of Algeria is in the Sahara desert

10. Oran the second largest city in Algeria comes from the Berber word Wahran which means ‘Two Lions’ after sightings of the animals were seen in the area circa 900 BC

11. Former French footballer and World Player of the Year, Zinedine Zidane has Algerian heritage

12. Three languages are spoken. Arabic, French and Berber

13. In the 1800’s Algeria was notorious as a base for slave traders and pirates

14. Algiers has the highest cost of living in North Africa

15. Situated in the Ahaggar mountains, Mount Tahat is the country’s highest peak at 3,003m

16. The country is known for Bertolli’s olive oil despite it having an Italian background

17. Algeria’s national day is on November 1st and is called Revolution Day

18. Algeria is three times the size of Texas

19. The biggest sand dunes are located in Algeria

20. ‘A sensible enemy is better than a narrow minded friend’ is one of Algeria’s proverbs

21. The town of Chlef formerly Al-Asnam derives it’s name from the country’s longest river and is considered to be one of the hottest urban area’s in Algeria

22. About 25% of the country’s population lives off less than $2 per day

23. Couscous is Algeria’s national dish

24. The Algerian legal system is based on French and Islamic law

25. Algeria is the largest importer of agricultural goods in Africa


Source by: Javan McCabe