The Inspiration Behind James Bond

You might not be a reader of the spy genre but no doubt you have heard of Ian Fleming’s work. In 1953, the world was introduced to his creation of James Bond, the most popular fictional spy in history. With this British MI6 agent, Ian Fleming’s place in literary history was cemented. Upon Fleming’s death in 1964, he left behind a legacy of books and film that has captured the imagination of fans for decades.

It is hard to imagine that the legendary name of James Bond was inspired by the most trivial of things. The name of the famous spy was actually lifted from the author of a bird guide book. Fleming had wanted his hero’s name to be suitably dull and contrast it to the extraordinary events that would happen around him. And so the legend of James Bond was born, with the inspiration of a bird guide author.

Ian Fleming described his James Bond books as fairy tails for grown-ups. Perhaps that’s why he injected he embellished his own best qualities and breathed life into them in Bond. Both Fleming and Bond had a naval career background attaining the rank of Commander in the British navy. Both enjoyed the decadence of fine wines, champagnes, fast cars and cool spy gadgets. Bond was a character of elegant taste and in many ways, Bond was really a romanticized version of Fleming.

If Bond was an idealized projection of Fleming, then that would also explain his animal magnetism with the opposite sex. Fleming was known to be a womanizer and naturally, Bond took to his preferences of the perfect woman. With Bond’s Hollywood inspired good looks, he never had any trouble with the fairer sex.

Undoubtedly, James Bond’s exciting career, spy gadgets, elegant lifestyle, sexual exploits made him an engaging character to follow for men and women alike. It is therefore with some surprise that when Fleming first introduced him in the book Casino Royale, the legend did not take off. But as luck would have it, a certain American president name John F. Kennedy would appreciate Bond’s charisma and would name From Russia With Love as one of his favorite books. Perhaps he saw a kindred spirit? It was then that the Bond books would arise in popularity.

Today, the franchise of James Bond continues on in books and film even after the death of Fleming. New authors and actors continue the legacy and what better way to honor the author, than to let his alter ego James Bond live on forever?

Source: Mariam Ma
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Inventory and Appraisal

At the most basic level, the inventory is the list of the assets of the probate estate.  It is a tool with two main purposes.  It gives notice to the interested persons of the items that are part of the estate (and, if not listed, what is not part of the probate estate[1]).   The inventory also provides the probate court with the information necessary to calculate the inventory fee.

Within 91 days of the appointment of the personal representative, the information necessary for the computation of the inventory fee must be submitted to the court.  See MCL 700.3706 and MCR 5.307.

Note that not all inventories must be filed with the court.  In unsupervised administration, it is permissible to submit the inventory for review by the court.  The inventory fee will be determined and the inventory will be returned without filing.  An inventory that has been submitted but not filed must be sent to “all presumptive distributees and to all other interested persons who request it.” MCL 700.3706(2)  The proof of service (PC 564) should be kept and, as appropriate, filed with the court.

The amount of the inventory fee is set forth in MCL 600.871.  The inventory fee must be paid before the final account is filed or one year from the commencement of the estate, whichever occurs first.  Especially with illiquid estates (like where you can’t get the house sold), this timeline can pose a problem.  Wayne County Probate Court is dealing with this problem by having the personal representative sign an Inventory Fee Acknowledgement and Extension to Pay form (WCPC 380).  A number of probate courts throughout the state include inventory fee calculators on their websites.  Simply enter the amount of the inventory and the fee is calculated.

Form PC 577 should be filled out and submitted to the court in order for the personal representative’s obligation to be satisfied.  If you represent the initial personal representative, the inventory includes the value of both real and personal property at the time of the decedent’s death.  Subsequent personal representatives will need to file an inventory as well.  These inventories will be valued as of the date of the subsequent personal representative’s qualification to serve.

Preparation of the inventory may require having appraisals done, contacting investment companies or banks, looking up blue book prices for cars, and/or having the personal representative go through the decedent’s personal belongings and report anything of high value.  The Instructions for Form PC 577 provide list of items that should be submitted to substantiate an asset’s value.

It is important to make sure that all the inventory items are listed with enough detail.  With bank accounts, the account number as well as the address of each financial institution must be listed.  If the value of the property is determined by an appraisal, make sure the appraiser’s name and address is included, as well as a legal description of the real property or a detailed description of any personal property.

The value of stocks for inventory purposes is the average high and low value on the day of death, multiplied by the number of shares.  There are several web sites that can help you find this information.

Real property is included on the inventory list as long as it is not held as joint owners or entireties property.  Make sure that with all real property the commonly known name is listed and that the legal description and tax ID are included.  Even though you should note any encumbrances on the property, you cannot reduce the value on the inventory according to Michigan Court of Appeals decision Estate of Wolfe-Haddad v. Oakland County, 725 NW2d 80 (2006) .  The value of real property for the inventory is determined by either doubling the state equalized value (SEV) value or by an appraisal.  The SEV should be from a recent property tax bill. Though an appraisal is more expensive, with the declining market it can be a lot more accurate.

Personal property generally has little value to the estate.  It should be included on the inventory but the amount attributed to it should be nominal.  Some practitioners do not include the tangible property on the inventory unless it has significant value.  If there is truly something of value in the inventory, it should be appraised.


According to MCL 700.3703(4), the personal representative must give an annual account of all the receipts and disbursements until the estate is fully distributed.  This account must be served on all the interested persons in both supervised and unsupervised estates and must be filed with the court in supervised estates.

In supervised estates, the format of the accounting must comply with the format requirements of MCR 5.310(C)(2)(c).  Because you never know when you’re going to need the account to be approved by the courts, even in an unsupervised estate, it is always good to follow the format rules regardless of the type of estate.  Account of Fiduciary forms (PC 583 or 584) help you comply with these rules.

The top of the Account form identifies the probate court, the number of the account (1st Annual, Final, Interim), the case number and the case caption.  These details should be completed with care.   The account period runs from the date the Letters of Authority were issued and can be for no more than one year per account.

After filling in all the basic information about the estate and the personal representative, you must first enter the beginning balance.  On a first accounting, this will be the inventory amount.  If it is a second or subsequent accounting, the beginning balance will be listed as the assets remaining at the end of the first or immediately previous accounting.

After figuring out the beginning balance, it is necessary to account for any income in the accounting period in Schedule A.  Both the source and the amount received have to be included.  If the name of the source makes it unclear as to what the nature of the income was, it is usually good practice to put a general description.  The income listed in Schedule A does not include any newly found assets. Such discovered assets must be included in an amended inventory.

Next, you must account for all of the expenses during the accounting period in Schedule B.  Expenses include any administrative costs, any creditors that were paid, attorney’s fees that were paid, expenses of the personal representative that were approved and paid, and any distributions to the beneficiaries.  Be sure to include the name of the creditor or individual and the amount that was paid. This section does not include any losses from assets listed in the inventory that were sold off.

Transparency in how the funds were spent is key.  Written support for the disbursements is the best way to get your account accepted by the court and the interested persons.  The court will require a summary of legal, accounting and fiduciary fees.  The bills for these services should include what services were performed, by whom, how much time was expended for each task and the billing rate for each task.

The next section, Schedule C, is where you account for any gains and losses in the sale of assets.  For example, if a stock was liquidated during the accounting period the value at the time of death (from the inventory) and the value that it was liquidated for must be entered.  A total gain or loss for that asset is then calculated.  After all the assets are entered, the net gain or loss is calculated.  If there is a net gain, it is entered in Schedule A.  If it is a net loss, it is entered in Schedule B.  If no assets are sold or need to be accounted for, it is acceptable to use the Short Form, PC 583, rather than the Long Form PC 584.

In Schedule D, all the assets that remain in the estate are accounted for.  For example, if there is a house or car that has not been sold yet, it should be listed.  Also any bank accounts and the value at the time of accounting must be listed.  The description and the value (with the possible exception of bank accounts), should be the inventoried value, not the market value at the time of accounting.  Attorney fees and fiduciary fees incurred during the accounting period, whether paid or not, must also be recorded on the form.  A written description of the time spent and services performed must be attached.  If an attorney is acting as the personal representative it is important for them to separate their time between fiduciary responsibilities and legal services.

It is important for the fiduciary to be aware, from the beginning of the administration, that if he or she wants to be paid for the work performed, the fiduciary must track his or her time in detail.  Also, it is always good to explain to the personal representative that the more organized he or she is with the receipts and accounting, the less attorney fees will be incurred while filling out the accounting forms.  It will save both time and money in the long run if the staff does not have to track down a missing expense or income source or spend time going through shopping bags full of disorganized receipts.

The estate must send a copy of the accounting to each beneficiary if he or she has not received that beneficiary’s full share.  One the share is paid in full, the personal representative is no longer to provide that beneficiary with future accounts. Regardless of whether the estate is supervised or unsupervised, proof of service should be filed with the court.  It may be desirable to have the Probate Court approve the account each year.

Tax Issues

Early in the administration, the personal representative should obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) for the estate.  The estate is a separate taxing entity and should therefore have its own EIN.  The decedent’s social security number should no longer be used for tax reporting.  An EIN may be obtained by mail, phone (800.829.4933) or on the web (  If obtained by phone or web, the EIN will be issued immediately.  A Notice Concerning Fiduciary Relationship (IRS Form 56) should also be filed with the IRS.

The personal representative must remember that state and federal income taxes still must be filed for the final year of the decedent’s life.  This can be done on a standard 1040.  Remember, this is only income that was earned by the decedent before his or her death.  A surviving spouse may elect to file this final return as a joint return.  If the personal representative files this final return, the decedent’s death should be made plain on the top of the return.  Be mindful of filing deadlines and if necessary obtain an extension of time to file.

If the estate has gross income of more than $600 in a year or any taxable income the estate must file a fiduciary income tax return.  This return is filed on IRS Form 1041 for the federal return MI-1041 for the state return.

It is important to do an early analysis of the estate to determine the estate tax liability.  If the gross estate is in excess of the then applicable estate tax exemption amount ($2 million for 2008, $3.5 million for 2009, no maximum for 2010 and $1million for 2011), an estate tax return will need to be prepared.  The forms are IRS Form 706 and MI-706.  This return is due nine month’s after decedent’s death.  An extension of time to file is available.

Especially with larger estates, it might be in your best interest and your client’s best interest to hire an outside accountant or at least consult with an accountant to make sure that all the forms are filed correctly and timely.  Do not be afraid to admit when you are over your head.


Before closing the estate it is important to make sure that all the administrative duties have been completed.  All of the creditors and taxes must be paid off or otherwise addressed.  When this is done, do a final accounting using PC 583 or 584, serve it on the beneficiaries of the estate who have not received his or her complete share, and file a Proof of Service with the court.  The process for completing the final account is as described previously.  The “Final” box at the top of the form should be checked.  Unlike prior annual accounts, assuming assets in the estate, the ending balance will be $0.00.


The personal representative has authority to make distributions from the estate as partial distributions during the course of the administration and at the conclusion of the administration.  If proceeding in unsupervised administration, court approval of such distribution is not required.

If proceeding in supervised administration, court approval must be sought prior to any distribution.  See MCL 700.3504 and 700.3505.  The personal representative should petition the court for approval of the proposed distribution.  Notice of Hearing (PC 562) and Proof of Service should be sent to all interested persons.  The parties can execute waivers and consents (PC 561) to expedite the process and perhaps obviate the need for a hearing.

Be careful when making partial distributions.  Once the funds flow out of the estate, it may be difficult or impossible to retrieve the funds from a beneficiary if additional costs or expenses are incurred by the estate.  The personal representative does have authority to seek recovery of estate assets improperly distributed to an heir, devisee or creditor.  See MCL 700.3911.  It is the better practice to be cautious in making distributions.

When distributions are contemplated, the personal representative may give the recipients notice of the intended distribution.  Providing written notice of the type and scope of the distribution puts the recipients on notice and if he or she objects to the distribution, such objection must be given in writing to the personal representative within 28 days.  See MCL 700.3908.  If there is disagreement about the distribution proposed, the parties can reach an agreement to alter shares.  See MCL 700.3914

The preferred method for distribution is an “in-kind” distribution.  See MCL 700.3906.  That is, distributing the assets of the estate in the form in which the estate obtained them.  This is true whether the assets are cash, stocks, bonds, vehicles, business interests or real estate.  If the recipients of the estate do not want to receive certain assets owned by the decedent, they will be sold as part of the administration with the proceeds distributed.  In the current economic conditions, inability to sell the real estate may delay the conclusion of administration.  In those circumstances, the beneficiaries sometimes elect in kind distribution of the real estate so that the estate may be closed and the real estate sold outside of the estate.

When distributions are made, it is important that the personal representative receive signed acknowledgement of the receipt of the distribution.  This acknowledgement is most easily obtained using the Receipt of Distributive Share form (PC 588).  This form can be modified to accommodate different kinds of distributions.  It does not need to be limited in use to distributions of tangible property.

Informal Closing

The personal representative’s signature must be notarized.

The interested persons have 28 days to object to the closing of the estate.  After 28 days, a Certificate of Completion (PC 592) may be obtained.  The estate is then complete.

Formal Closing

If the estate administration is a supervised administration, it must close formally.

Formal closing is accomplished by filing Petition for Complete Estate Settlement.  If a will has already been formally adjudicated then PC 593 is used.  PC 594 is used if the decedent died intestate or if the will has not been adjudicated previously with the court.  It is advisable to include a Schedule of Distributions and Payment of Claims (PC 596) and the final account with the Petition.  Once the hearing is set, send these pleadings, a Notice of Hearing and Proof of Service to the interested persons (the devisees of a testate estate, heirs unless there was a previous adjudication of testacy, claimants, and any other persons whose interests are affected by the relief prayed for). An proposed Order for Complete Estate Settlement (PC 595) for the judge should also be submitted with these pleadings.

If the petition requests discharge of the personal representative (which it almost always should), be sure that the inventory, accountings, notice of appointment, notice regarding attorney fees, notice of spousal election and allowance, affidavit of publication to unknown creditors, a statement that all Michigan estate taxes have been paid or that no federal estate tax return was required to be filed for the decedent and any proofs of service are all filed with the court.

If you can obtain Waivers and Consents from all of the interested persons, you may be able to avoid the need for a hearing.

After the hearing, assuming all goes well, the court will enter the Order for Complete Estate Settlement.  Parties have 28 days after entry of the court’s order to file a motion to set aside the order.  Once that time passes, the parties are barred from contesting the matter, the personal representative is discharged and the estate is concluded.

If the estate has not been completely distributed, the personal representative will need to present proof of the distributions and seek an Order of Discharge (PC 597).  Each beneficiary should sign a Receipt of Distributive Share (PC 588) which could be filed with the court.


A full probate procedure is not usually necessary for a non-resident who simply held property in Michigan.  The appointed personal representative in decedent’s domicile state, called the foreign personal representative, can usually take care of the matters as long as a local administration is not pending in Michigan.  63 days after the decedent’s death, a person holding property belonging to the decedent can turn the property over to the foreign personal representative and be released of liability.  The foreign personal representative must present proof of the domiciliary personal representative’s appointment and a sworn statement made by or on behalf of the representative stating (1) the date of the nonresident decedent’s death (2) that local administration, or an application or petition for local administration, is not pending in Michigan and (3) that the domiciliary foreign personal representative is entitled to payment or delivery of the property. See MCL 700.4201 and 700.4202.

Notice of Ancillary Administration Filing, PC 619, is used if the foreign personal representative needs to do more than collect money and the decedent’s property.  For example, if the foreign personal representative needs to sell a piece of real property.  This form must be filed with the court and it gives the foreign personal representative the power of a local personal representative without actually opening an estate in Michigan.  These powers are set forth in MCL 700.4203 and include the power to execute deeds and discharge mortgages.  This does not result in local administration or local appointment of the personal representative.  By filing the Notice of Ancillary Administration Filing with a Michigan probate court, the foreign personal representative does submit to the jurisdiction of the Michigan court for estate related matters.

If an application for local administration is entered, the local powers of the foreign personal representative are terminated and a local personal representative is appointed.  The administration in the decedent’s domicile then has no bearing on the Michigan estate administration.

If the estate that you are administering here in Michigan has property located in other states or countries, it will be necessary to seek the assistance of counsel licensed in the other jurisdiction.  There are many attorneys in Michigan who are licensed in multiple jurisdictions.  They may provide a nearby solution to probating property at a distance.


In theory, uniformity of practice suggests that the probate practice should be identical from one part of the state to another.  But as Yogi Berra said, “In theory there is no difference between theory and practice. In practice there is.”  This section is aimed at highlighting some differences of approach across some of the probate courts in our state.

Petition for Approval of Sale of Real Estate

A Petition for Approval of Sale of Real Estate (PC 646) only needs to be filed if court approval is required to dispose of real estate.  For example, if the Letter of Authority gives the personal representative restricted powers, this pleading will most likely have to be filed, served on the interested persons, and a hearing will be held (unless waivers and consents are obtained from all interested persons).  If the personal representative’s powers are unrestricted this step is not necessary.  When filing the pleading, remember to include a tax assessor’s statement with the SEV and a copy of the Purchase Agreement.  Wayne County Probate Court has a slightly different form to be used.

Notice of Continued Administration 

If an estate is unable to be closed within a year of the appointment of the personal representative, a Notice of Continued Administration (PC 587) must be filed within 2 months of the estate’s anniversary.  It also must specify why it is necessary to continue the administration.  For example, assets may still need to be disposed of and distributions made.  This form must be served on all interested persons.  Some courts accept these notices with little difficulty.  Others are much more demanding in the rationale for keeping an administration ongoing.

Information Changes

It is very important for the courts to have current and accurate information about the personal representatives (and the attorneys for that matter).  Wayne County and Oakland County both have specific forms that need to be filled out.  In Wayne County, there is a Change of Address form.  In Oakland County there is a Fiduciary Information Form (PEMH 1018) that must be filled out and can be found on the Oakland County Probate Court’s website (

Other Wayne County Probate Court Forms

An Affidavit Regarding Whereabouts of Certain Interested Persons (WCPC 23) can be filed with the court if a beneficiary or heir cannot be found.  This is more often used in unrepresented estates, but can also be filed by attorneys.  There is also a Testimony Interested Parties for a Wrongful Death case (PC 09).  It is slightly different than a SCOA Testimony Interested Persons.  It does not need to be filed.  It can be useful to determine parties entitled to take under a wrongful death case.

Other Oakland County Probate Court Forms

A Petition and Order for Discovery Estate Not Exceeding $15,000 is available in Oakland County.  This allows a person with a relationship to the decedent to obtain bank and property records, assuming the estate is less than $15,000.  This form looks similar to a small estate affidavit but it is used to gain information about the decedent’s bank accounts.

There is also a Request for Extension of Time for Compliance (PEMH 1063).  This form can be filed with the court if a Notice of Deficiency has been issued against the fiduciary.  If granted, it allows the fiduciary 28 more days to comply with the notice.

Other Kalamazoo County Probate Court Forms

Kalamazoo County has a separate Notice of Intent to Close that they will send to the personal representative if a continued administration is not filed (PC 589).  After 63 the court will enter an order administratively closing the estate (PC 599).

Be aware that many pleadings that have to be filed with the court require a filing fee.  The fee schedules for Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, and Kalamazoo County are included.

Finally, attached you will find a chart displaying degrees of kinship that can be useful in determining heirship.

[1] Non-probate assets, such as those that are jointly held or beneficiary designated, are not listed on the inventory.  These kind of assets generally pass by operation of law and will not be probated.  Typical examples of jointly held assets include real estate or accounts held by husband and wife.  On the death of the first spouse, the survivor will receive the asset without the need for probate.  Typical examples of beneficiary designated assets include life insurance and 401(k) and IRAs.   On the death of this kind of asset, the named beneficiary will generally receive the asset directly without the need for probate.

Source: T. Scott Galloway

Michigan Banquet Halls In Michigan

There are many Michigan banquet halls in Michigan (well over 400 for you to interview). If you are planning a wedding reception, then the selection factors may be more demanding. Traditional private parties will still require some time when browsing around. This list will help you select the right one.

Options for Outdoors

Is there an outdoor patio? Is it an up sell? Can you get it thrown in if you book during certain times of the year? There are other options that vary between Michigan banquet halls. Other options include gardens, outdoor tented areas, pathways, and more. I will tell you why these may be important later.

Layout & Setup

Layout of the hall is not something to overlook. It might make it harder for some of your other vendors to do what you want them too. Rooms might have different layouts. Depending on your style you may want to consult with any of your vendors if you suspect a problem with your banquet venue layout. For example accent lighting does not work well with a room filled with windows. More and more banquet halls in Michigan are trying to give you a variety so that they can appeal to different tastes.

Banquet Halls in Michigan $

Oh, let us not forget that pricing IS an important factor. Please keep in mind it is not the most important. Some venues can charge an arm and a leg because of how much detail is put into their layout; others have more simple economic solutions. This is not to say that you should ignore pricing. When you interview with different banquet halls in Michigan you will notice the price ranges. My best advice is for you to go with the one that is most convenient with you want to accomplish.

Number of Guests

This is a biggie! Make sure that the Michigan banquet halls can meet the needs of your guests. All banquet halls have a max capacity, and some even have minimum requirements. Before you start interviewing with your venues please have some sort of number in mind for how many you will be expecting. If you are using them to caterer the meal, then your head count will also be required for the quote for the meal. Also remember that your vendors who work hard for you may require a vendor table at your event and you may want to include them in the head count.

Outside Vendors Yes or No

When you do not use outside vendors your packaged price brings your total down. This includes in house DJs, caterers, florists, cakes, photographers, and videographers. Now, what are the drawbacks to using in house wedding vendors? If you have your heart set on a couple of banquet halls, then you may have to use their in house DJs. Let us say that you interview the DJ and he does not seem that competent, what do you do? Exactly, this is one of the drawbacks. Some companies sacrifice quality for quantity when they are in house contracted. You might have to use their bartenders as well. This means you can not bring in your own alcohol. There are many pros and cons, but you get the idea. Your best bet is to interview other vendors that are not in house beforehand. This way you will know how to negotiate with the in house vendors or hall because of the reasonable quotes you got from other wedding vendors in Michigan.

Michigan Banquet Halls

To summarize everything, you will have to evaluate the overall appeal of the banquet hall. Can your photographer take great shots outside? Is there a chapel? If your reception hall is not being used for the ceremony, then is it close to the church? This is where the number communication failure happens, in route from church to hall! Will there be changing rooms if you are having your ceremony there? Do you need to do much decorating, or is it already presented well? You can see how all of this factors into pricing. Good way to find out is to ask how many weddings they did last year and ask for recent references from people within the past year. Make sure these references are similar with your event type.

Source: Robert Reno

Hell's Corner

Oliver Stone and the Camel Club return in #1 bestselling author David Baldacci’s most stunning adventure yet.

An attack on the heart of power . . .

In sight of the White House . . .

At a place known as . . .


John Carr, aka Oliver Stone-once the most skilled assassin his country ever had-stands in Lafayette Park in front of the White House, perhaps for the last time. The president has personally requested that Stone serve his country again on a high-risk, covert mission. Though he’s fought for decades to leave his past career behind, Stone has no choice but to say yes.

Then Stone’s mission changes drastically before it even begins. It’s the night of a state dinner honoring the British prime minister. As he watches the prime minister’s motorcade leave the White House that evening, a bomb is detonated in Lafayette Park, an apparent terrorist attack against both leaders. It’s in the chaotic aftermath that Stone takes on a new, more urgent assignment: find those responsible for the bombing.

British MI-6 agent Mary Chapman becomes Stone’s partner in the search for the unknown attackers. But their opponents are elusive, capable, and increasingly lethal; worst of all, it seems that the park bombing may just have been the opening salvo in their plan. With nowhere else to turn, Stone enlists the help of the only people he knows he can trust: the Camel Club. Yet that may be a big mistake.

In the shadowy worlds of politics and intelligence, there is no one you can really trust. Nothing is really what it seems to be. And Hell’s Corner truly lives up to its name. This to me is one of David Baldacci’s best series. Full of intrigue and adventure you would never have dreamed of. Read more excepts from David Baldacci at Book Review Store.

Source: Cortney
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Coldwater, MI: Theater and a Haunted House

Visit Coldwater to do some sightseeing. Coldwater is the home of the Tibbits Opera House. Opened in 1882, it was a stopping point for vaudevillians and thespians going between Detroit and Chicago. Some of the personalities who graced the stage were the Barrymores, Eddie Foy Jr., Joseph Jefferson, Chicago Symphony, etc. The Opera House is undergoing a major restoration project. Free tours are given when there is no rehearsal going open. The main drag is called Chicago Road, AKA as Sauk Trail. This is the same Sauk Trail which was only a block from our old house in Park Forest. Almost like a dirty penny, shows up everywhere.

Visit the Wing House. The house was constructed in 1875, by the son of the first mayor of Coldwater. He built it for his ‘mail order bride’ from New York. The house is like a French Cottage. It looks more like a Parisian house of ill repute. Obviously the architect did not understand the psyche of a woman: small rooms, gaudy colors, little room for a growing family. The bride did not care for the place and the local women shunned her. She left her husband and went back to the Big Apple. Supposedly she was not the runt of the litter, but comely and well dressed.

The guide, also the curator, was very knowledgeable about the house. The piece de resistance is that the place is also haunted. The haunting have been verified on film and sound. More interesting is that the woman who haunts the house never lived there. But she was one of the relatives.

Source: John Pelley

How to professionalize the security industry

How to professionalizethe security industry

After more than 400 years the private security industry in the UK can claim advances in proficiency yet continues to fall behind in its pursuit of professionalism. As a private security analyst, I’ll tell you why I believe the industry needs to do more to break away from a public perception that has it as no more than a force of ‘night watchmen.’

I strongly believe that there is no room in the industry for watchmen. Instead, the industry needs to develop a clear career path for those who join, and demonstrate that it is an industry with the ability to make a significant contribution to the overall security of the country.

As a store detective, I worked with a number of the country’s larger retailers. Constant contact with customers enabled me to track a variety of situations but, after around 3years there are two incidents that remain with me.

The first happened during my first day on duty at a store in Camberley. A couple entered the store and headed for the coat section. The lady removed a coat from the hanger, tried it on and casually walked over to the exit and with her partner made a run for a waiting car-The cost of the coat… £900 – Why high value coats were not protected better and why were they so close to the exit? These are questions I asked myself.

So with this in mind whenever I was assigned to a retail store, during my store tour, I identified items of high value and determined whether they were positioned in a location that facilitated their easy removal from the store.  I always submitted my findings with suggestions for improved security to the store management. Some managers cooperated but most of them didn’t. After all I am only a ‘security,’ what do I know?

On another occasion I was assigned to a store in London Colney.  It was located in the middle of nowhere, and no more than two minutes from the motorway. Two big retailers shared the site.

The store I guarded had two fire exits that opened towards the motorway. The toilets were situated between the two stores. For me, this meant that a shoplifter could take bags of merchandise towards the toilet but since technically they are still within the confines of the store security could not interrogate or apprehend them.

The biggest problem though was the merchandising of the stock. There were high value coats and jackets at the entrance. I raised my concerns in discussion with the store manager and gave him the benefit of my professional opinion, but he did nothing. Within a few hours of our discussion, seven of the jackets were snatched. Again, I was proven right.

You see, the store’s location made it easy for shoplifters to drive up to the store, make a quick grab, dash and speed off back onto the motorway. After that incident I advised the manager to remove the rest of the jackets from the entrance. He informed me that the plan for arranging merchandise on the shop floor comes directly from their head office. I suggested that maybe he needed to call the head office and inform them that his store was located in the middle of a ‘free for all’ and the current layout was unsuitable for this location. He listened but never acted on my advice. A few days later thirteen of the jackets were stolen. Finally he decided to remove them from the entrance. But his organization had already lost £5000.

Why didn’t the manager listen to me? Maybe it’s because Security officers have always had a love hate relationship with retail managers.

At times I feel that security is seen by most security buyers as a grudge purchase or an unneeded expense, instead of an investment. The main reason for this perception has been the industry’s inability to clearly define its role in the security pyramid of the UK. Everyone knows that the Police are responsible for enforcing the law, the Armed Forces defend sovereignty, MI5 and MI6 are internal and external operatives. Who or what is a security officer? How does the industry define itself? In marketing there is a saying that it’s not what is said but how it is said. It seems to me that the industry has been unable to define itself to the country and sadly for those who have chosen private security as a vocation.

Four Hundred Years On

The concept of private security is not a modern phenomenon. In fact, private security existed in the UK before the police force. Cave drawings and other archaeological findings clearly attest to the fact that the issue of safety has long been the concern of man from the beginning of time. The earliest security officers can be traced back to the 1600s when out of the desire to protect their property, wealthy merchants established a private security force known at the time as ‘Shiver and Shake Watch’. This was followed by the Bow Street Runners and eventually the Marine Police Force, sometimes known as the Thames River Police and believed to be England’s first professional Police force.

It was formed in 1798 by magistrate Patrick Colquhoun and a Master Mariner John Harriott, to tackle theft and looting from ships anchored in the Pool of London and the lower reaches of the river… The 1800s saw the creation of what can be considered the modern police force when the concept of the rights of the individual began to take hold. For the first time tax revenues were used to pay for night watch.

With the development of trade and the expansion of the free market economy also came laws that illegalised many previous practices. At the same time an increase in serious crime brought pressure to bear on the local constabulary and forced officers to prioritize their response,

Once again wealthy individuals decided to purchase their own security. This saw emergence of a more wide spread and professional private security industry. Like most privately owned businesses, the private security industry was left to operate under its own code. The result was near anarchy as criminal gangs drifted into an increasingly profitable industry.

In an attempt to regulate the industry in 2001, parliament enacted the Private Security Industry Act. That led to the formation of the Security Industry Authority.

Today’s security industry is a far cry from the night watch of yester year. It is a multi-billion pound global industry, employs three times more people than the police and engages in a raft of activities from event management to ferrying millions of pounds each day to businesses around the country. More recently it has become involved in the transportation of prisoners,

However, the industry is faced with a number of very important questions:

Step One to Professionalizing – Definition

As security professionals how do we define ourselves?  And what powers do we have? If we are to dispel the notion that we are just night watchmen to be called upon as the need arises, the issue of definition needs to begin with the government, police and other stalwarts of security in this country.  We are a significant part of the security structure and we are on the frontline of the prevention and maintenance of law and order. But we are a 21st century force with a sixteenth century mandate. We face modern day challenges and are expected to tackle them without the necessary tools or legislation. Consequently, the professionalizing process has to begin with an amendment in the Private Security Industry Act that provides a clear definition of our roles and powers.

Step Two to Professionalizing – Training

Whilst on duty in Camberley, I noticed two women stuffing their handbags with jewelry. I radioed CCTV control to keep a watch on them while I observed them from a distance. When they were satisfied that they had taken enough, they walked out of the store without paying for the merchandise. There were already two security officers positioned at the exit, so as they exited the store they were apprehended. While leading them towards the holding room, one of the ladies dropped to the floor at the entrance of the store and refused to stand up. It took three officers almost forty-five minutes to safely move her to the holding room.

A few weeks after this incident, I was assigned to a store in Cheshunt. While patrolling the aisles, I noticed a female customer remove a scarf and jumper and concealed them in her handbag. I kept her in my sight until she stepped out of the store without paying. I approached her and identified myself as a security officer. On hearing this she sped off. I chased after her and apprehended her in the middle of a car park. I felt I could handle her on my own. This was until a gentleman approached with a knife and threatened me. Because of my training I eventually managed to subdue him and take control of the situation. No one was injured.

Like me many security officers are faced with potentially dangerous situations every day but too many of them are inadequately trained to deal with unpleasant situations.

There needs to be three stages of training: Pre-licensing, Continuous development and Specialization

Pre Licensing

The SIA needs to recruit an adult literacy expert to work with industry professionals to design a training programme. The way the current programme is designed makes it impossible for anyone to absorb all the required information in 30 hours and be able to use it effectively.

Continuous Development

Along with the pre-licensing course work, there needs to be an in-house course designed for security companies that will be used internally to further develop new & seasoned security officers. Developments in security legislation should be incorporated into any continuous training & development programme. Security officers should also be assessed every 3 years to ensure that they are complying with the legislation. The renewal of their license will depend on their continued development and knowledge of the industry…

Specialised Training

If Security officers expect to be treated like professionals, then we must begin to behave as professionals. There is no professional in the world that undergoes only 30 hours of training in their lifetime. With the barrier for entry into the security industry so low we need to raise the level of training to give us the extra recognition we require to be seen as a professional industry.


In this country we have a few of the best institutions in the world: the BBC, Oxford & Cambridge, Scotland Yard, Fleet Street and above all the British Armed Forces. For centuries these institutions have been setting standards for the rest of the world to follow. The introduction of the SIA was another opportunity for Britain to set the standard and create a model of professionalism within the private security industry for the rest of the world to copy and learn from. After all we were the first country to introduce the concept of licensing in the security industry. However, the current structure is not designed for the extra tasks it is expected to undertake. The SIA was created to license security officers and accredit security companies.

Therefore professionalizing the private security Industry will require:

  1. Redefining the mandate of the SIA and restructuring it with the appropriate framework and mechanisms
  2. Defining our role within the grand scheme of the security structure in the UK
  3. Creating a set of criteria for entry
  4. Revamping the training regime to make it fit for purpose

The UK private security industry is seen by some as a gravy train, run by people who have never worked a single day as a security officer. If we are truly serious about professionalizing the industry, we will need to engage with those who understand the challenges facing the various stake holders.

Let those who regulate the security industry be reminded that there is no place in the 21st century for an institution that is run along the lines that made it fit for purpose in the sixteenth century.

Source: Romeo Richards
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Ionia, Michigan Criminal Law

Facing any criminal charge can leave a person feeling scared and wondering what is going to happen next?  This article will explain what to expect when a person is arrested in Ionia, Michigan, talk about the judges and prosecutor’s office in Ionia, Michigan and what are the common charges defendants face in Ionia, Michigan. 

The prosecutor’s office in Ionia, Michigan is very reasonable.  Defense attorneys find them to be fair, willing to negotiate and open minded to fairly solving criminal cases.  The head prosecutor in Ionia, Michigan is Ron Schafer.  Mr. Schafer is a respected prosecutor. He has an excellent staff of fellow prosecutors that work in his office. A lot of defense lawyers enjoy practicing criminal defense in Ionia, Michigan. 

The circuit court judges in Ionia, Michigan are David A Hoort and Suzsanne Hoseth-Kreeger. The district court judge is Raymond P. Voet.  These judges are all fair judges who don’t have a reputation of being extremely harsh on those who are found guilty of crimes in their court.  These judges will give each hearing before them a fair and honest shot of being successful.  They don’t just rubber stamp motions the prosecutor’s office files or deny defense motions that are before them without proper consideration.

The most common criminal charges issued in Ionia, Michigan are, retail fraud, domestic violence, driving on a suspended license, possession of marijuana, use of marijuana, possession of meth, assault and battery, Operating While Intoxicated (OWI), Driving Under the Influence (DUI) fourth degree child abuse.

The first court appearance anyone has when they are facing a criminal charge is the arraignment process.  At the arraignment, the judge will explain to the defendant what they are being charged with.  This explanation includes the maximum possible jail or prison time the defendant may receive and how high the fines could be.  Next, district or circuit court judge will go over the advice of rights form. The advice of rights form explains the rights a defendant has regarding their criminal case. Finally, the defendant will enter a guilty or not guilty plea.

If the defendant enters a guilty plea in district court, Judge Voet will likely sentence the person on the spot.  There are some exceptions.  If the crime is drunk driving or domestic violence, the defendant will have a pre-sentence investigation report done and come back for sentencing on another date. In circuit court, all cases typically have a pre-sentence investigation done before the defendant is sentenced. 

Source: Shawn Haff

First Aid for a Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

According to the World Health Organisation, Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Heart attacks make up a significant proportion of these deaths. Being able to quickly recognise the signs and symptoms of a heart attack is incredibly important, as early medical treatment significantly improves the prognosis.

What is a heart attack?

The heart is a muscle which pumps blood around the body. Like every other muscle in the body, it requires a good blood supply to ensure enough oxygen & nutrients are delivered and waste metabolic products (such as Carbon Dioxide) are removed.

The heart receives its blood supply from the coronary arteries which branch off from the aorta (the main artery in your body).

If a coronary artery becomes blocked (e.g: due to a clot), then the heart muscle beyond the point of the blockage will not receive an adequate blood supply. This will result in death of the heart muscle.

The medical term for a heart attack is ‘myocardial infarction’ (myocardium means heart muscle, infarction is tissue death due to lack of oxygen)

How do I recognise a heart attack?

Common signs & symptoms include:

> Central chest pain, which may spread to the arms/jaw/back/abdomen. Does not ease or go away.
> Shortness of breath
> Casualty becomes pale and sweaty
> Fear and anxiety
> Irregular or weak pulse

Not all of these symptoms may be present. In fact, some heart attacks can be ‘silent’ with very little pain which is often mistaken for indigestion. There has been some research which suggests these ‘silent’ attacks are more common amongst women and diabetic patients.

If you have any reason to suspect a heart attack, you should treat for one. It is always better to be safe than sorry.

First aid treatment for a heart attack/myocardial infarction

Step 1: Call an ambulance/emergency medical help, say that you suspect someone is having a heart attack.

Step 2: Make the person comfortable, if possible ask them to sit on the floor. The best position is known as the “W” position, this involves the person sitting up with something under their knees to raise them. This reduces the strain on the heart.

Step 3: If you are able to, ask the casualty to chew on a 300mg (big) aspirin. If they have any other medication for their heart (a spray etc.) which a doctor has told them to use, then let the casualty use it.

The casualty may loose consciousness before the ambulance arrives. Try to be reassuring and calm, the casualty will be incredibly frightened and anxious which could aggravate their condition.

No two attacks are the same. Different people may suffer different symptoms, there isn’t always the ‘classic’ presentation described above.

Source: John Furst

Why Was American Idol Contestant Chris Golightly Kicked Off?

Why was the American Idol top 24 contestant Chris Golightly kicked off the season 9 show earlier in the week? Many people have had their theories about the reason he got kicked off but the truth has come out and now we know its because he actually has a recording contract already.

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The 26 year old from California who is also a shoe salesman would never have been allowed to audition much less get this far in the contest if the producers found out about this back in the summer of 2009 when Chris auditioned.

Now there is a replacement and his name is Tim Urban a 20 year old from Duncanville ,Texas.

Idol host Ryan Seacrest failed to inform television viewers that Golightly had been booted from the show. Perhaps the folks at Fox assumed no one would notice the lightning-quick swap

A short time later, when Fox introduced the 24 semi-finalists, one by one, Golightly was inexplicably missing. In the apparently hastily re-edited segment, he was mysteriously replaced by Tim Urban, a 20-year-old, baby-faced singer from Duncanville, TX.

Chriss Tried to call foul, claiming the contract was not in place when he tried out for the show, but a copy of the document obtained by TMZ appeared to show that Golightly signed an exclusive deal with Dream Projects Entertainment on May 30, 2009, one month before trying out for “Idol.” The terms of that contract were for two years.

Source: dani

The Immigration War on America

America has the strongest and most high tech military the world has ever seen. There is no current military threat religious or otherwise in the entire world that is able to match it. As a result, America faces a different kind of war which has been waged at it’s borders for many years now and it’s called; “Massive Illegal Immigration”.

Listen to what the troops are saying who are in favor of massive illegal immigration…

In LA on April 8, 2007, Carrying signs saying “Amnesty Now!” and “Love Thy Neighbor, Don’t Deport Him,” about 15,000 people danced to Mexican ranchera music, chanted “Si, se puede!” or “It can be done!”

In Denver, Colorado, protesters waved Mexican flags and brandished signs saying: “Uncle Sam Stole Our Land!” and: “If you think I’m illegal because I’m a Mexican, learn the true history, because I’m in my homeland.”

“Today we march, tomorrow we vote”

In Dallas, Texas, on April 9, 2006 half a million people marched, again waving Mexican flags with “Our Lady of Guadalupe” (an immensely popular “apparition” of the “Virgin Mary” in Mexico).

The Main Force Behind Massive Illegal Immigration

“Prayer books and guides to social and religious services should be provided along the way and at the points of arrival. The migrants should be reminded of their role as evangelizers”.

U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops

There has been little dispute about the vast majority of illegals being Roman Catholics coming from Mexico and other Latin countries. There has been however, various theories on the main force behind the massive illegal immigration army which is constantly crossing the US border. Talk show hosts in mainstream conservatism and liberalism media outlets say its merely poverty that drives them across. While others say illegals want to make money so they can go back to their own country and retire the rest of their lives while living a rich life. However, and this is not something you will hear on Fox News or CNN, but the Vatican has for years been the main force behind the invasion. Yes, the Vatican! Why? Like the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops have declared the role of the illegals is be “evangelizers”. Not only that, but it’s main focus is to basically populate America with more Catholics. A Roman Catholic priest, Paul Marx, back in 1987, was pretty clear and open about the Vatican’s role in supporting and encouraging illegal mass immigration of Latin Americans into the United States he states:

“America is a dying nation. I tell the Mexicans when I am down in Mexico to keep on having children, and then to take back what we took from them: California, Texas, Arizona, and then to take the rest of the country [the United States] as well.”

Also the late pope, John Paul II stated…

“They [immigrants] often bring with them a cultural and religious heritage which is rich in Christian [read “Roman Catholic’] elements. The Church… is committed to spare no effort in developing her own pastoral strategy among these immigrant people, in order to help them settle in their new land and to foster a welcoming attitude among the local population”

There was a study released in June by the California Catholic Conference, and entitled “Planning for the Future of the California Catholic Church. In that study contained interesting stats. By 2025, Roman Catholics are expected to comprise about 36% of California’s population, compared to about 30 percent now. In 2005, 11.1 million of California’s 36.6 million were Roman Catholics. By 2025, it is expected that 16.7 million of California’s expected 45.9 million people will be Roman Catholics. This is an increase of 5.6 million Roman Catholics. Of these, 3.5 million will be the result of new births, and 2.1 million will be new immigrants. “Church” membership will grow by 129%.

The Latino portion of the increased population of California in the period 1990-2005 was 79% of all new Californian residents. Between 2005 and 2025 it is expected to amount to 81% of new residents.

By 2025, 4.3 million new Roman Catholic baptisms would have occurred, over 3.1 million children will receive their “first communion” in the Roman Catholic institution, and the average parish will have expanded by over 1800 families.

“They [the immigrants]… come with the values that are so needed in the United States today…. This is a special moment in the history of the Catholic Church and the history of migration”.

Roman Catholic cardinal, Theodore McCarrick, of Washington, D.C.

The Vatican Using “Forgiveness” to promote illegal immigration

A local radio host in my local area who is a devote Catholic and has conservative political viewpoints informs the listening audience that he gets slightly annoyed by visiting Priests or his local Priest in general when political issues are brought up. He just doesn’t like politics mixed in with preaching he said. Mainly because he disagrees what the Priests are saying politically not doctrinally. For example, a visiting Priest in a loud voice told Roman Catholics they must forgive illegal immigrants, sex abusers, and so on. Since we are focusing in on massive illegal immigration, we will leave the sex abuse scandals for another time. But in the eyes of this Priest who was at odds with this devote Catholic radio talk show host, forgiveness of illegal immigrants is allowing them to cross the US border at will which is in line with the Vatican. And it’s not only him, but other Priests around the country are using “forgiveness” in the wrong sense to promote massive illegal immigration.

Mexico and The Vatican

Without question, there is also a push for expansion of Mexico which suites the Vatican just fine because Mexico has been mainly Roman Catholic for many hundreds of years.

“This is our land, and our continent, this is not property of the Europeans or their descendants. Not one inch of this continent belongs to Europeans, no matter what lies or distortions of ownership they may present…. Remember that we have only temporarily (and illegally) been deprived of the rights to our continent and our heritage. This occupation of our continent is not a permanent condition.”

Olin Tezcatilpoca

It’s not shocking to know that almost 60 percent of Mexicans believe they should be able to cross into the United States whenever they please. A woman on one of the most popular programs on the Fox News cable network was asked by the host, “Do you believe in the United States having the right to control it’s own borders”. She replied, “Back in the 1600’s people were free to travel anywhere in the United States”. The host looked puzzled for a moment and said with a stern voice, “I’m not asking you what happened in the past before America became a country, I mean now the present. I’m asking you again if you believe that the United States has a right to control it’s own border”. She then finally responded, “Yes of course, I believe the United States has that right to control their own border”. If you look closely to what she said, she indeed does not believe in the United States controlling it’s own border. For how can one believe that a country can control it’s own border but yet believe that people have the right to travel into another country as they please.

Elvira Arellano an illegal immigrant activist who was on a mission to try and change what she and others have called; “a broken immigration policy” in the United States. She was originally caught using fraudulent credentials and deported back to Mexico only to cross the borders again illegally. In 2002, she went to a Methodist ‘church’ building in Chicago to seek a safe haven in order to block attempts in sending her back to Mexico once again. She tried having a kid and using the kid’s health in order to argue she has to stay in the US. Finally it was revealed she was captured in August 2007, and sent back to Mexico while choosing to leave her son behind even though she could have taken him with her. The debate over massive illegal immigration began to take hold again nationally as tv and radio talk shows were talking about Miss Arellano’s situation.

Before I conclude this part on Mexico and the Vatican, the issue of how the US treats illegal immigrants with their US born kids came up after the Elvira Arellano situation…When it comes to illegal immigrants filtering into Mexico from other countries, the Mexican government requires them to pay a fee in order to cross their borders into the United States. Often times the illegals who cross into Mexico are treated very badly and spit upon by Mexican authorities or Mexican civilians.

Other Forces Behind Massive Illegal Immigration

While discussing the main force behind the push for massive illegal immigration. We cannot forget about the Communists and Socialists who are also a major force behind illegal immigration. Since 9/11 and even before then, we can also include terrorist support for illegal immigration. When it comes to pushing illegal immigration, socialists love the concept and practice especially from third world countries because it enhances their power as these illegal immigrates being poor they require such needs from the government like free education, free health care, and so on.

The (Communist) Workers World Party, and the International Socialist Organization, brought printed placards and signs to the demonstration, and handed out copies of their newspapers in Spanish and English. Socialist literature was displayed on tables. The Workers World Party distributed placards with pictures of Che Guevara. They also carried placards with the words: “Workers’ Struggles Have No Borders!” True Communist propaganda: that nation-states are irrelevant, that borders should come down.

Shaun Willcock

(A Christian Pastor who runs Bible Based Ministries)

What about big business or businesses in general? Many would ask and argue over as the main force behind illegal immigration…Indeed this is another force behind illegal immigration, no doubt about it but it’s not the main force. Many businesses who hired illegals for cheap labor has seen their profits increased more than with legal citizens. Many countries like China who have become an industrial powerhouse and take advantage of their cheap labor in their own country have made it difficult for America companies to compete for business. Thus, the illegals become more profitable for these America companies to hire. In some cases profit doesn’t matter at all, we find some rich people hiring illegals to be nannies, cooks, maids, and so on even though they can afford legal citizens to do the job.

On September 11, 2001 is when the world saw illegals for the first time attack the America in a massive way as many innocent people were killed in the name of the Islamic religion. For years terrorists have been in the United States either raising money, or training or even both. Certainly terrorists promote illegal immigration as a way not only to attack other countries with their distorted beliefs for world conquest for their god, but also attack America too.

What about poverty? No one can deny, it’s one of the major reasons which motivates people to come to the America. And who can blame them? After all, their country is so poor with little opportunities to have any measure of success in life. Thus, people tend to want to cross the borders to come to the US to obtain great wealth beyond their wildest dreams of what they wouldn’t have obtained in their own country. Sadly, they are used by their so-called ‘church’, and other groups which includes socialists and communists. What cannot look a the various forces behind illegal immigration without mentioning criminal activity. Criminals who sell drugs for example, make huge profits from their criminal actions by smuggling illegal drugs into the US by various means such as underground tunnels, or various transportation.

And lastly, media bias which is in step with the Vatican and all other forces or people who are in favor of illegal immigration. The liberal media in the United States and even some in other countries like the BBC have been on a re-education campaign to attempt to try and sway public opinion. In this media blitz, they use labels such as “undocumented immigrants” which in a way is misleading because many do use “documents” but it’s used in a fraudulent manner or even stolen. However, there is some truth to this label. It does mean the government has no document of that person or persons who enter into the United States. So there is accurate count or estimate on how many are actually in the US from other countries who came here illegally. More than likely there are more illegals than what they are currently aware of.

Progress or Lack Thereof on Restricting Massive Illegal Immigration

The Border Patrol still remains under staffed and even with an increased and capable staff, it appears their main job is to capture then send the illegals back without prosecution. A group of civilians frustrated with the governments lack of progress in securing the borders formed the “Minute Man” organization. Their objective was to assist the border patrol by spotting illegals and contacting them. President Bush decided to send the National Guard down to the US/Mexican borders to help assist with the problem of massive illegal immigration. But again, the National Guard is most likely going to be use to capture and then transfer the illegals back to Mexico without being prosecuted.

Recently as of August 10, 2007, President Bush is trying make a push for his plan to raise the fines on employers who hire illegal immigrants as part of a broader plan said Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff. Also a quicker deployment of an under staff boarder patrol. It’s unknown as this time how much the fine will be for employers who break the law to hire illegals or how many more boarder patrol agents will be deployed more rapidly. This part of the plan has the farming industry worried and suggested it would put them out of business. About 75 percent of the farmer’s workforce are illegals. More than one million. I believe it’s around 2-5 million illegals in the farming workforce…Without no documentation it’s hard to really tell how many are in the country so most estimates in the media are on the low side. The farming industry does have to worry more but if we look at the history of illegal immigration, the enforcement of laws are weak at best. The rest of the President’s plan wants most of the illegals who are working to stay while sending back the head of household to their particular countries for about a year before returning again, and have to pay a 5,000 dollar fine over ten years.

In Conclusion

Before I conclude this news item lets make one thing clear…There is basically nothing wrong with legal immigration. America is a nation of immigrants who came here for a better life, adapted into the society well, and so on…In fact, the United States takes in more lawful immigrants than any other country in the world! But what we are seeing today on immigration is a emphasis on massive illegal immigration that should be considered as a war waged against the United States for religious, business, and political reasons.

Source: Mike Deubig