The Best Digital Photo Printers And Digital Camera Printers For Amazing Photo Prints

The best digital photo printers help to make it very expedient to develop digital camera prints. Digital cameras are fast replacing traditional film cameras as the dominant way to take photos. There are cameras that can take professional quality photographs that only cost a few hundred dollars. However, one of the most common problems still remains. Printing professional grade digital camera prints at at the nearby CVS or Walgreens pharmacy photo-lab requires walking or driving, time and expense. As it turns out, there are numerous digital photo printers that can be purchased and used over and over again for as low as 27 cents a photo!

Those that take the most pictures are either old or young. Therefore traditional technology can be difficult to understand and even out of their price range. On the other hand, digital camera printing from home may be new terrain for those that are no stranger to computers. The perfect solution for both of these scenarios is the Samsung Digital Photo Printer model SPP-2040 . This printer costs about $50, is easy to use and is extremely affordable. This photo printer produces high quality digital camera prints that appear as if you had them professionally developed at a photolab. Within 60 seconds, 4 inches by 6 inches snapshot photos are completed with stunning detail. This printer is for those casual photographers that may need to print their photos on demand.

The best digital photo printer that you can buy will include handy features such as multiple card readers and a PictBridge camera connection. The PictBridge allows a digital camera to connect to the printer and print pictures straight from your camera. There are many different memory card formats that a digital camera can have. It just depends on the brand or model that you have. Before you purchase your photo printer, make sure the printer has a memory card reader that will work with your camera. Be aware of the type of memory card you have,it could be a Pro Duo, SD or microSD or something else. One of the other options is to connect your camera to your printer with a USB cable to allow you to print digital photos.

To compare digital photo printers, visit shopping sites such as Amazon. The following features are important to keep in mind while shopping around: whether the printer takes toner or ink, what paper type is required, which DPI the pictures will be in and the amount of pictures that the printer can print with an hours time. Many people favor dye sublimation printing, however others prefer laser color photo printing.

For users who demand the absolute best, a professional photo print is still available to those who wish to print their own photos. You have probably seen some of those 15 minute photo shops in your city, well the Sony SnapLab is a miniature version of these photo shops. The Sony SnapLab has editing tools that are built in so that editing a picture is super simple. Printing needs are easily customized and it can print several photos within a ten second period of time. It has an eight inch LCD touchscreen that makes the input of photo selection really easy. Coming in at a price of $1250, the Sony SnapLab can certainly be pricey. If you are looking for your own amazing photographic device then comparison shopping is an absolute must!


Source by: Joe Arthur


The Emerging New Trend Of Entertainment: 3D Technology

A couple of months ago, Nintendo launched their latest video gaming equipment :the Nintendo 3DS, an item which is currently receiving very good media hype as well as interest across the Internet. The 3DS is the most recent add-on to a tiny yet developing range of devices in technology, as well as portion of a much bigger and increasing phenomena in entertainment industry – 3D. A technological innovation at one time restricted to cinemas, devices with 3D features could be taken to the family room, and today directly into our palms. As people continuously seek out much more deep experiences, entertainment companies are reacting in a significant manner. This particular technological innovation is beginning to change how people enjoy entertainment, and then in a short time, could become the main approach we take to devour our media.

3D in Gaming

3D is going to become a big improvement for game playing, growing brand new games, tools, as well as gadgets to help keep this section of amusement blooming. This Nintendo console is going to enroll in Sony’s Ps3 and Xbox 360 within the 3D video gaming craze. Just what has enthusiasts most anxious about the 3DS would be the concept itself, that does not need individual 3D eyeglasses to be able to feel the special effects. Stereoscopic three dimensional effect performs “tricks” on your mind, producing individual pictures in each eye – that which you view as being a 3D effect. PlayStation’s system also utilizes stereoscopic 3D, however it is only going to work using a 3D tv, and also gamers will still have to put on 3D eyeglasses when playing. However, 3D is going to take the video gaming adventure one step further to generate a totally deeper experience. Wii was the initial step for this, and today 3D has brought it the remaining portion of the path. While technology improves, 3D game playing could create it’s path onto various other tools, such as the iPhone, iPad, as well as personal computers for more individual amusement consumption.

3D in Movies

Even though the application of 3D in films isn’t really brand new, 2009’s Avatar appeared to be the very first movie in quite a long time to actually make use of 3D as an element of the story telling – also it highlighted at the box office, having a record smashing 2 billion dollars in ticket revenue. Considering Disney as well as Pixar’s prior achievement in computer animation and also the selling point of the Toy Story business, the 3D element is only going to cause it to be more productive. The niche of Toy Story is really a great podium for 3D – plenty of action, together with natural subjects which would simply stand out even more with the aid of 3D and provide movie enthusiasts a far more thrilling and in-depth watching adventure.


Source by: Billie Vitiello

The Release of the Samsung Infuse

When the original Infuse was released, there was a lot of talk about how it was the best tablet that had ever been created and that no other tablet will come close to surpassing Samsung’s creation. Nearly a year after the release of the Infuse, Samsung announced the release of their second tablet computer, the Infuse. Although it is hard for other tablet creators to compete with the Infuse many it is a known fact that only Samsung can create something that is better. That is what Samsung has done with their second tablet; they have created a product that is faster, more durable and has a better battery life than their previous product.

Although this new version of the Infuse is very similar in size, users will not be able to use old cases on the Infuse. Third Party and OEM manufacturers will be able to create accessories such as cases for this tablet. Probably one of the most important accessories for any tablet is a screen protector. This may not enhance the overall image, but it will protect a person’s rather pricy investment. Having an Infuse with a scratched screen is almost unbearable and it is quite hard to enjoy it after it is ruined.

One of the top accessories that can be bought is the Samsung Infuse case. So far, with the release of the product being so recent, there are just a few different quality cases that can be purchased. The first case that was released by Samsung with the Infuse is the Infuse Smart Cover. This amazing case is designed to keep the front of this device looking brand new. It also cleans the screen while also protecting it. The material that this accessory is made from is microfiber cloth that is usually used is many cleaning cloths. This particular case is handy in that it is capable of waking and putting to sleep the Infuse when not in use. It is great for saving battery power while at the same time being stylish enough for the user.

Overall, the Infuse is much more complete product than the original Infuse. Although many will feel that many of the new features should have been included in the original version, consumers will not complain much as they can now take full advantage of them. The new Infuse has strengthened Samsung’s hold on the tablet market and is likely to continue their dominance for many more years.


Source by: Alfred Rufford Robertson

UFOs: The Stellar Rainbow Connection

A senior SETI (Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) astronomer recently posted an essay on UFOs in the Huffington Post where he first stated:  “Allow me to first note that this is a phenomenon worthy of attention. If aliens are really hanging out in our ‘hood, it’s hard to imagine any other fact more worthy of study.” Then he concludes with: “The fact is, if you’re certain that our planet is hosting alien visitors, the way to gain acceptance for your point of view is to prove it, not insist that the problem lies with third parties. The blame game is a cop-out.”

WTF is this guy saying? UFOs are important but it’s up to others to do all the hard yards and prove that UFOs and aliens are related. You can just about hear the writer scream out WE REQUIRE PROOF as long as the burden is on others to come up with the smoking gun!

WE REQUIRE PROOF! That’s all fine, well and good in theory, an in an ideal world, except the average member of the great unwashed doesn’t have the name-brand, academic bona-fides or resources required. No matter what ‘proof” the great unwashed offer up, the WE REQUIRE PROOF demands of the many (scientists) outweigh the abilities of the few (the great unwashed) to proved the required goods. If I ring up a top scientist at a top university and say I have a piece of an alien spaceship, do you honestly think they will listen to me or slam down the phone uttering “another bloody wacko wasting my time”! So the ‘blame game’ is perhaps more a plea for those with the scientific bona-fides, and the resources and the credibility and respected home institutions to take the great unwashed a tad more seriously when it comes to UFO experiences and get their hands dirty studying the subject.

I play the blame game. I put blame on those who could, but won’t get their hands dirty. It’s intellectual cowardice pure and simple. The fairly obvious if unstated message is I’m interested in ET, I’m a SETI scientist by profession, but I’m not interested in UFOs unless someone else provides the proof that there is an actual alien connection. I’m not interested in UFOs because I won’t get external funding to study them. That’s because I’ve got too much on my plate already. That’s because I’d rather sit on my ass and let the great unwashed do the dirty work. That’s because someone might make fun of me, like my professional colleagues. The sociology (office politics) of the science community usually runs something along the lines of don’t stray beyond the mainstream; don’t think out of the box; don’t rock the boat or you’ll end up like Jonah and tossed overboard without a whale in sight.

So holier than thou essays like that posted by ‘Mr. SETI’ aren’t really helpful; relevant scientists need to put up some legit science or shut up since if they are clearly not part of the solution, they are part of the problem standing in the way of a solution!

Let’s forget the great unwashed for the moment; let’s talk nerdy talk and deal with evidence, not proof, just evidence, that something strange is afoot via observations from astronomers,  professional colleagues of SETI scientists, and their reported anomalous observations that are in the scientific literature. Now albeit it’s ‘colleagues’ from several generations ago and way before modern SETI times, but that doesn’t alter their academic bona-fides nor what they reported in the professional literature.

I refer to the numerous historical sightings of Neith (reported satellite of Venus) and the intra-Mercurial planet Vulcan along with numerous other sightings of alleged planets inside the orbit of Mercury. Not one, or two but multi-dozens of reports are in the scientific literature for both. That’s in addition to those multi-dozens of sightings of unpredicted by uncharted and unknown objects that made unexpected transits of the Sun and Moon. So, professional astronomers are on record as having seen, for all practical purposes, unidentified ‘aerial’ phenomena. Now we know there is no Neith and there is no Vulcan, etc. so exactly what did scientists in the astronomical profession observe? A UFO by any other name is still a UFO. Okay, that’s just evidence, not proof. Still, UFO observations are not exclusively the property of the great unwashed.    

WE REQUIRE PROOF! Okay, even if scientists don’t want to actively participate, their demand WE REQUIRE PROOF (lay it on the slab in my lab) sounds reasonable, until you realise that those same scientists accept the reality of many other things that they equally can’t study on a slab in the lab, things that only can be seen or photographed.

An obvious case in point is those stars in the night sky. You see them; you can photograph them, but to date you can’t study the physical object in the laboratory! You can’t put a star on the slab. So, if stars are acceptable, why not UFOs? Well, stars can be therefore they are; UFOs can’t be therefore they aren’t*.

Scientists have a readymade excuse for not being able to verify the bona-fides of stars as laboratory specimens; they are out of reach – way too distant to grab hold of. But they still argue that stars aren’t illusions or misidentifications or all-in-the-mind or hoaxes because astrophysical theory supports stars being what scientists believe they are. Of course in a manner of speaking starlight can be ‘captured’ and analysed in the lab, and at least stars have the decency of making their appearance on schedule. Still, you cannot examine up close and personal the physical star itself.

So as a generality, in defence to an anti-UFO stance, scientists will say there are theoretical reasons for accepting the reality of things they can’t put their mitts on, implying that there are no theoretical reasons supporting the UFO ETH (ExtraTerrestrial Hypothesis). Alas and alack, as an additional counterattack, as stars (and rainbows – see below) are supported by astrophysics’ theory, there is also an actual theoretical scenario that nearly demands that there be UFOs and that UFOs be extraterrestrial spacecraft – it’s known as the Fermi Paradox. That just basically says that even if there is only one advanced technological civilization ‘out there’ with the ability to “boldly go”, then the time it would take to explore (even at low sub light velocities – say 1% to 10% the speed of light) and colonize end-to-end our galaxy is but a tiny, tiny fraction of the age of our galaxy. So where is everybody? They should, if they exist at all, by rights be here. Why would they pay special attention to the third rock from the Sun? While stars and planets are dimes-a-dozen, abodes with biospheres are probably as rare as hen’s teeth – that’s why. Planet Earth is a hen’s tooth! Alas, while astrophysical theory passes their muster, the Fermi Paradox doesn’t cut their mustard apparently.

Okay, for terrestrial scientists, physical star-stuff can’t be placed on the lab’s slab. But there are parallels much closer to home where that excuse of extreme distance falls far short. Now here’s a parallel. The rainbow is the case in point. If scientists can play UFO skeptic, I can play the role of rainbow skeptic.

If you say you’ve seen a rainbow, you can’t prove that to me since you can’t bring the rainbow, or any part of it (like say the associated pot-of-gold), into my lab and place it on the slab for me to hammer away at or put under the microscope. You obviously believe in the reality of rainbows, yet you can’t put the one you see in the sky on your lab’s slab either. Okay, you know and I know that rainbows exist, but the critical point is that you cannot prove to me (or anyone) that you saw a rainbow. We all know eyewitness testimony, ain’t worth the price of spit in a bucket. As for photographs, being the grand skeptic I am, no doubt your photographs of rainbows are fakes, pure and simple. I REQUIRE PROOF of rainbows and you can’t provide it.

Can you capture and put an actual rainbow in the sky into a laboratory environment and subject it to cruel and unusual punishments?  You can artificially create one in the lab, but that’s not quite the same thing – it’s not the real McCoy. And what about that associated physical trace – the pot-of-gold at the end of the rainbow? I’ve yet to read of any laboratory analysis of that pot and that gold. How do we know it’s really gold without slab-in-the-lab analysis? Maybe its fool’s gold! And just like Pandora’s ‘box’ is really a jar and not a box, maybe the ‘pot’ is really a bowl! Of course the scientists can’t quite get at the pot-of-gold since it’s guarded by a leprechaun, and no scientist is going to admit being thwarted by a little green man (or abducted by a little grey one either for that matter).

Okay, I would be foolish not to believe your observation and to deny the reality of rainbows, yet its okay for scientific skeptics to ignore the rainbow parallel when it comes to UFOs. Eyewitness testimony regarding UFO sightings isn’t worth the cost of the paper it’s printed on; photographs of UFOs are indeed pure Photoshop fakery.

But in fact, UFOs offer up way more physical evidence than the rainbow. Despite that pot-of-gold at the end of a rainbow legend, rainbows leave behind no physical traces; no physiological effects, and no electromagnetic effects; they make no sounds, etc. UFOs are not so hampered. So, if crunch-comes-crunch, the reality of UFOs have a lot more going for them in terms of physical evidence than the reality of rainbows. Of course no scientist in their right mind would exhibit scepticism of the existence of rainbows even without any physical evidence backing them up, but when it comes to UFOs, that’s a different horse of another colour – but is it really a different horse, and is it really of a different hue?

Of course one reason physical scientists accept the reality of the rainbow is that they’ve seen one themselves (many most likely) and seeing is believing as long as it’s they who are doing the seeing. If they themselves had witnessed a UFO event they (and their colleagues) could not identify then I’m sure they would be much more open and inclined to accept another’s eyewitness testimony. A bit of a double standard there of course but that’s human nature and scientists aren’t exempt from that weakness. Unfortunately, UFOs tend to be a rarer commodity than rainbows and therefore witnessed way less often, including viewings by scientists. 

While UFOs have a higher physical evidence quota than rainbows, they also have a higher strangeness quota too, which is not to say that rainbows don’t have a strange mythological aura about them. I wonder if the scientist who accepts the reality of the rainbow also accepts that the rainbow is a bridge to heaven (Asgard) according to Norse mythology and made famous in the conclusion to Richard Wagner’s first “Ring Cycle” opera “Das Rheingold”. Christian mythology has the rainbow as a sign that at least the next time God lays waste to the world it won’t be via the Big Wet, though I doubt you’ll find that in any textbook on optical and atmospheric phenomena. And if you’re into cryptozoology, the Australian aborigines have a Rainbow Serpent (which doubles as a creator deity), but then again, scientists aren’t noted for their curiosity into the actual existence of unknown mega-fauna or polytheistic creator deities** either for that matter. In fact, you name the culture; you’ll find a rainbow mythology contained within. Rainbows are associated with spirits and demons and all manner of omens from the good, to the bad and the ugly that scientists will reject as part and parcel of their belief system.

So, where do scientists draw the line? Rainbows – yes; rainbow serpents and rainbow bridges – no. And this distinction is rightly so, IMHO. But when they reject out of hand a phenomenon that actually has more and better evidence than say rainbows (auroras and sprites would be other cases in point) then eyebrows must be raised and questions asked – like please explain your logic.

While on the subject of things mythological, let’s go harking back to the stars and planets and other celestial objects. There’s a massive mythology from many ancient cultures that usually goes hand-in-hand with how those celestial objects and night sky patterns came to be. Astronomers don’t support those tall tales either since they have other more scientific theories that explain the origins of stars and constellations. Still, its two competing theories of how to account for say, the Pleiades star cluster. Once upon a time it was Zeus. Today it’s astrophysics. Who’s to say since neither scenario can be subjected to a definitive WE REQUIRE PROOF slab-in-the-lab test.

By the way, as a final counterattack, I haven’t yet seen any SETI scientist come up with proof positive on ET, so IMHO it’s still a tied ball game. But rather than have two opposing teams, SETI scientists may as well study UFOs as well since SETI to date has a batting average of zero. Perhaps that’s what comes from scientists putting all their ET eggs in just the SETI basket. 

*And the Sun can’t have sunspots since we all know that the Sun is perfect; meteorites can’t exist since we all know stones can’t fall from the sky;

**Though faith in the reality God is hardly unknown to exist in some physical scientists, though like stars and rainbows, they can’t put God on the slab in their lab either. Somehow the WE REQUIRE PROOF criteria don’t matter in this case.


Source by: John Prytz

Samsung I900 Phone Beautiful 3G Touch Screen

The i900 Omnia is a beautiful 3G phone that comes with a touch screen and works on a MS Windows Mobile 6.1 operating system. The Samsung i900 Omnia phone comes in black coloured & metallic silver casing complete with smooth curvaceous edges. This handset weighs only 127 grams including the fitted battery that is a good size for carrying purposes and measures 56.9mm wide by 112mm tall by 12.5mm deep. The 3.2 Inches touch screen displays a QWERTY keyboard when the user wishes to input text. This stunning 3G phone is a member of the popular Samsung i range.

A built in 5 megapixel camera with auto oozes sophistication & style. The phone includes high quality imaging, communication & business features that will draw much attention. This stylish Samsung Omnia phone supports WiFi, Bluetooth & 3G HSDPA technology. The phone also has music player that provides high quality music features for the user to enjoy that supports MP3, WMA, OGG, AMR, AAC & AAC+ music formats. The Samsung Omnia works on a quad band network that allows the user to enjoy worldwide roaming. The Samsung i900 covers four GSM bands & HSDPA that provides the user with flexibility when roaming.
The handset includes 8 gigabytes of internal memory plus expandable memory capabilities by adding a MicroSD memory card up to a further 8 gigabytes in size. The i900 Omnia supports easy to use connectivity options that include Bluetooth, WiFi technology EDGE and USB wired connectivity. Omnia comes with a WAP browser, supports RSS feeds and easy to use messaging services that includes MMS messaging, text messages, instant messages & create emails. The i900 comes with a fitted battery that allows the user to gain up to 500 hours of battery standby time or up to 5.8 hours talk time.Samsung i900 comes with 8gb and 16 gb and you can sotor a lot of music, video and your top clip which your like most. Now Samsung i8510, Samsung F480 Tocco and Samsung i900 are top selling phone of samsung you can compare a lot of contract deals at variour online mobile sites and get the cheapest tariff with your latest phone which you like.


Source by: carlodanie

The Factors That Affect Tourism In Kenya

Tourism in Kenya is characterized by many factors. To start with, the people of Kenya are friendly and welcoming. This plays a big role in the sense that no tourist or visitor will dare come to Kenya if the local people were harsh and cruel. It’s a democratic country where freedom is given to all citizens regardless of the tribe. There are 42 tribes who differ in their culture and way of life. Due to the high growth in the tourism industry, many people have adapted the western culture. The Masai tribe however have remained with their norms and taboos for years making every visitor interact with them to learn and understand their way of life.

The weather conditions are welcoming throughout the year, meaning that tourists can visit Kenya any time. The wide variety of wildlife including the big five in Kenya has also led to the growth of tourism. Most people all over the world come to Kenya mainly to see and photograph the wild animals which are hardly found in their countries. There are various game parks and game reserves where you can view the wild animals. Tourism in Kenya has brought development and job opportunities to the local people thereby improving their living standards. Big luxurious hotels, lodges and camps have been built near parks and in town where food and accommodation is offered.

Lake Nakuru is another world famous attraction site where tourists come to watch millions of flamingo birds. There are other bird species and wild animals to view as you drive around Nakuru National park. Lake Bogoria is also famous for its hot water from the hot springs inlets. The equator is another tourist attraction site. There are people who come to Kenya just to step on the equator. Tourism involves various activities such as mountain climbing, cycling, running, golf sports, swimming, horse riding, elephant and camel riding.

The white sand beaches on the coast along the Indian Ocean is another good attraction. Swimming in the hot warm water and relaxing in the hot sun is extremely enjoyable. Tour operators will organize your tour but you are also free to prepare your own tour budget depending on your requirements and interest. Tour guides, drivers and chefs are well trained to meet all your needs. There is a variety of vehicles to choose from, all with pop up roofs to allow good animal view.


Source by: Jackline Mwathe

Powerfull Cell Phone Samsung D900

Most US cellphone service providers do not provide the Samsung SGH-D900 with their plans. The closest is the Helio service, which uses a Samsung phone that physically resembles the SGH-D900 but has inferior performance and specifications. However, unlocked versions of the phone are available for purchase both through cellphone retailers and on websites such as eBay.

These unlocked phones can be used with a SIM card from any service provider that uses SIM card technology (which means customers of companies such as Verizon, which doesn’t use SIM cards, can’t use the phone). The average price for the phone ranges from $250 to $350, depending on the retailer. Most are UK versions of the phone, and require a power adapter to work with US power outlets.

Samsung D900 is ultra thin, ultra powerful, and ultra cool. There’s a lot of good stuff packed into this beautifully sculpted, stylishly slim slider, too. Goodies include Bluetooth, support for EDGE high-speed data, a 3-megapixel camera, a music player, and a microSD memory card slot. And because the Samsung D900 features global GSM quad-band flexibility, you can enjoy the Samsung D900 almost anywhere in the world.

A call list remembers your most recent missed, received and dialed calls, and in addition to a vibrating alert, the D900 supports polyphonic ringtones and MP3-based music ringtones. A speakerphone lets you talk hands-free while you’re doing other things, and picture caller ID lets you assign a photo to specific callers. Similarly, a ringer ID lets you assign ringtones to callers. Please order on online http://www.luckywirelessusa.com


Source by: prabakar

Samsung Galaxy Tab Deals : Buy the Best

Are you a Samsung lover? Do you want to purchase only a Samsung phone but it is hard for you to afford one? Now it is time for you to stop thinking about what you can and cannot afford because with the Samsung Galaxy Tab Deals everything is affordable. These offers come at a very cheap price and only the best is given with it. Samsung Galaxy Tab is one of the best phones of the year and wanted by many. So do not wait any longer and go for it.

It has become so easy to purchase Samsung Galaxy Tab Deals. There are two modes of obtaining it and both are extremely convenient. The first one is the conventional method of going to the retail shop and purchasing it. This method might take some time because of the other customers. However, the second method does not take any time at all. This procedure gets over in a jiffy and that is the ordering over the internet method. When you request for this deal online you do not have to stand in any line and waste any time. This is especially useful for those with busy schedules.     

Contract deals are part of Samsung Galaxy Tab Deals. In a contract deal, you will have to sign a bond with the service provider, whoever that may be. Selecting a good network company is very crucial because if you pick the wrong one you will not be able to change it till the contract comes to an end. So it advised to choose wisely and cautiously. The term for this deal is 6 months to 24 months.

The Samsung Galaxy Tab has a lot of unique features. This device has stereo speakers and comes with MP3 and WAV ring tones. Geo Tagging is one of the several features of the handset. To find out about more about the mobile phone you can go to http://www.bestcontractmobiles.co.uk/.


Source by: Addi James

Science fiction magazine


History of science fiction magazines

Major American science fiction magazines include Amazing Stories, Astounding Science Fiction, Galaxy Science Fiction, The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction and Isaac Asimov’s Science Fiction Magazine. The most influential and longest running British science fiction magazine was New Worlds, although newer British SF magazines include Interzone (magazine) and Polluto. Many science fiction magazines have been published in languages other than English, but none has gained worldwide recognition or influence in the world of anglophone science fiction.

There is a growing trend toward important work being published first on the Internet, both for reasons of economics and access. A web-only publication can cost as little as one-tenth of the cost of publishing a print magazine, and as a result, some believe the e-zines are more innovative and take greater risks with material. Moreover, the magazine is internationally accessible, and distribution is not an issue though obscurity may be. Magazines like Strange Horizons, Ideomancer, InterGalactic Medicine Show, Jim Baen’s Universe, and the Australian magazine Andromeda Spaceways Inflight Magazine are examples of successful Internet magazines. (Andromeda provides copies electronically or on paper.) Web-based magazines tend to favor shorter stories and articles that are easily read on a screen, and many of them pay little or nothing to the authors, thus limiting their universe of contributors. However, the following web-based magazines are listed as “paying markets” by the SFWA, which means that they pay the “professional” rate of 5c/word or more: Strange Horizons, InterGalactic Medicine Show, Jim Baen’s Universe, Clarkesworld Magazine and ChiZine.

The World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon) awarded a Hugo Award each year to the best science fiction magazine, until that award was changed to one for Best Editor in the early 1970s; the Best Semi-Professional Magazine award can go to either a news-oriented magazine or a small press fiction magazine.

From 1926 until the early 1950s, American science fiction magazines were the main sources of written science fiction. Today, there are relatively few paper-based science fiction magazines, and most printed science fiction appears first in book form. Science fiction magazines began in the United States, but there were several major British magazines and science fiction magazines that have been published around the world, for example in France and Argentina.

The first science fiction magazines

First issue of Amazing Stories (April 1926) with art by Frank R. Paul.

The first science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, was published in a format known as bedsheet, roughly the size of Life but with a square spine. Later, most magazines changed to the pulp magazine format, roughly the size of comic books or National Geographic but again with a square spine. Now, most magazines are published in digest format, roughly the size of Reader’s Digest, although a few are in the standard roughly 8.5″ x 11″ size, and often have stapled spines, rather than glued square spines. Science fiction magazines in this format often feature non-fiction media coverage in addition to the fiction. Knowledge of these formats is an asset when locating magazines in libraries and collections where magazines are usually shelved according to size.

The premiere issue of Amazing Stories (April 1926), edited and published by Hugo Gernsback, displayed a cover by Frank R. Paul illustrating Off on a Comet by Jules Verne. After many minor changes in title and major changes in format, policy and publisher, Amazing Stories ended January 2005 after 607 issues.

Except for the last issue of Stirring Science Stories, the last true bedsheet size sf (and fantasy) magazine was Fantastic Adventures, in 1939, but it quickly changed to the pulp size, and it was later absorbed by its digest-sized stablemate Fantastic in 1953. Before that consolidation, it ran 128 issues.

Much fiction published in these bedsheet magazines, except for classic reprints by writers such as H. G. Wells, Jules Verne and Edgar Allan Poe, is only of antiquarian interest. Some of it was written by teenage science fiction fans, who were paid little or nothing for their efforts. Jack Williamson for example, was 19 when he sold his first story to Amazing Stories. His writing improved greatly over time, and until his death in 2006, he was still a publishing writer at age 98. Some of the stories in the early issues were by scientists or doctors who knew little or nothing about writing fiction, but who tried their best, for example, Dr. David H. Keller. Probably the two best original sf stories ever published in a bedsheet science fiction magazine were “A Martian Odyssey” by Stanley G. Weinbaum and “The Gostak and the Doshes” by Dr. Miles Breuer, who influenced Jack Williamson. “The Gostak and the Doshes” is one of the few stories from that era still widely read today. Other stories of interest from the bedsheet magazines include the first Buck Rogers story. Armageddon 2419 A.D, by Philip Francis Nowlan and The Skylark of Space by E. E. Smith and Mrs. Lee Hawkins Garby, both in Amazing Stories in 1928.

There have been a few unsuccessful attempts to revive the bedsheet size using better quality paper, notably Science-Fiction Plus edited by Hugo Gernsback (195253, eight issues). Astounding on two occasions briefly attempted to revive the bedsheet size, with 16 bedsheet issues in 19421943 and 25 bedsheet issues (as Analog, including the first publication of Frank Herbert’s Dune) in 19631965. The fantasy magazine Unknown, also edited by John W. Campbell, changed its name to Unknown Worlds and published ten bedsheet-size issues before returning to pulp size for its final four issues. Amazing Stories published 36 bedsheet size issues in 19911999, and its last three issues were bedsheet size, 20042005.

The pulp era

Startling Stories (November 1948). Cover art by Earle Bergey.

Astounding Stories began in January 1930. After several changes in name and format (Astounding Science Fiction, Analog Science Fact & Fiction, Analog) it is still published today (though it ceased to be pulp format in 1943). Its most important editor, John W. Campbell, Jr., is credited with turning science fiction away from adventure stories on alien planets and toward well-written, scientifically literate stories with better characterization than in previous pulp science fiction. Isaac Asimov’s Foundation Trilogy and Robert A. Heinlein’s Future History in the 1940s, Hal Clement’s Mission of Gravity in the 1950s, and Frank Herbert’s Dune in the 1960s, and many other science fiction classics all first appeared under Campbell’s editorship.

By 1955, the pulp era was over, and some pulp magazines changed to digest size. Printed adventure stories with colorful heroes were relegated to the comic books. This same period saw the end of radio adventure drama (in the United States). Later attempts to revive both pulp fiction and radio adventure have met with very limited success, but both enjoy a nostalgic following who collect the old magazines and radio programs. Many characters, most notably The Shadow, were popular both in pulp magazines and on radio.

Most pulp science fiction consisted of adventure stories transplanted, without much thought, to alien planets. Much was so badly written that even today science fiction still carries a slight whiff of its pulp heritage. The familiar image of pulp science fiction is a beautiful, scantily-clad, large-breasted woman being carried off by a bug-eyed monster, but there were many classic stories first published in pulp magazines. In 1939, a groundbreaking year, all of the following writers sold their first professional sf story to the pulps: Isaac Asimov, Robert A. Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke, Alfred Bester, Fritz Leiber, A. E. van Vogt and Theodore Sturgeon. These were among the most important sf writers of the pulp era, and all are still read today.

Digest-sized magazines

After the pulp era, digest-sized magazines dominated the newsstand. The first sf magazine to change to digest size was Astounding, in 1943. Other major digests, which published more literary science fiction, were The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, Galaxy Science Fiction and If. Under the editorship of Cele Goldsmith, Amazing and Fantastic changed from pulp style adventure stories to literary science fiction. Goldsmith published the first professionally-published stories by Roger Zelazny (not counting student fiction in Literary Cavalcade), Keith Laumer, Thomas M. Disch, Sonya Dorman and Ursula K. Le Guin. There was also no shortage of digests that continued the pulp tradition of hastily written adventure stories set on other planets. Other Worlds and Imaginative Tales had no literary pretensions. The major pulp writers, such as Heinlein, Asimov and Clarke, continued to write for the digests, and a new generation of writers, such as Algis Budrys and Walter M. Miller, Jr., sold their most famous stories to the digests. A Canticle for Leibowitz in The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction.

Most digest magazines began in the 1950s, in the years between the film Destination Moon, the first major science fiction film in a decade, and the launching of Sputnik, which sparked a new interest in space travel as a real possibility. Most survived only a few issues. By 1960, in the United States, there were only six sf digests, in 1970 there were seven, in 1980 there were five, in 1990 only four and in 2000 only three.

British science fiction magazines

The first British sf magazine was Tales of Wonder, pulp size, 19371942, 16 issues, (unless you count Scoops, a tabloid boys’ paper that published 20 weekly issues in 1934). It was followed by two magazines, both named Fantasy, one pulp size publishing three issues in 19381939, the other digest size, publishing three issues in 19461947. The most important British sf magazine, New Worlds, published three pulp size issues in 19461947, before changing to digest size. With these exceptions, the pulp phenomenon, like the comic book, was largely a US format. By 2007, the only surviving major British science fiction magazine is Interzone, published in “magazine” format, although small press titles such as PostScripts and Polluto are available.

The decline of the science fiction magazine

During recent decades, the circulation of all digest science fiction magazines has steadily decreased. New formats were attempted, most notably the slick-paper stapled magazine format, the paperback format and the webzine. Some of the best science fiction appeared in webzines beginning in the early 21st century. The most important webzine at the beginning of the 21st century was SciFiction, edited by Ellen Datlow, on http://www.SciFi.com, but the management of SciFi.com cancelled it in early 2006, so now Strange Horizons has taken over as the premier science fiction webzine. There are also various semi-professional magazines that struggle along on sales of a few thousand copies but often publish important fiction.

The rise of the science fiction magazine

As the circulation of the traditional US sf magazines has declined, new magazines have sprung up online from international small-press publishers. In the past ten years, Science Fiction World, China’s longest-running science fiction magazine, has doubled its circulation to 320,000, and launched a sister magazine . Currently the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America lists 17 sf periodicals that pay enough to be considered professional markets. Locus, in its annual recommended reading list of short fiction, selects stories from 27 magazines worldwide, though well over a third of the more than 100 stories listed first appeared in anthologies, and of the magazine stories, more than half first appeared in either Asimov’s Science Fiction or The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction.[citation needed]

Best of the year anthologies

Beginning in 1949, each year there have been one or more best science fiction of the year anthologies, collecting stories from the science fiction magazines. A series of paperbacks edited by Isaac Asimov and Martin H. Greenberg, went back to the early years of science fiction and published best of the year anthologies for the years 1939 to 1963. Damon Knight edited an anthology of the best magazine sf from the 1930s.

American magazines

October 1973 issue of Thrilling Science Fiction

Defunct magazines

A. Merritt’s Fantasy, 19491950, 5 issues

Aboriginal Science Fiction, 19862001

Absolute Magnitude, 19932006, 19 issues

Air Wonder Stories, 1929, 11 issues

Amazing Stories (aka: Amazing Science Fiction), 19262005, 607 issues

Asimov’s SF Adventure Magazine, 19781979, 4 issues

Astonishing Stories, 19401943, 16 issues

Avon Fantasy Reader, 19471952, 18 issues

Avon Science Fiction Reader, 19511952, 3 issues

Avon Science Fiction and Fantasy Reader, 1952, 2 issues

Beyond Infinity, 1967, 1 issue

Captain Future, 19401944, 17 issues

Cosmic Stories, 1941, 3 issues

Cosmos, 19531954, 4 issues

Doctor Death, 1935

Dream World, 1957, 3 issues

Dr. Yen Sin, 1936

Dynamic Science Fiction, 19521954, 6 issues

Dynamic Stories, 1939, 2 issues

Eternity SF, 19721975, 6 issues, revived 19791980

Famous Fantastic Mysteries, 19391953, 81 issues

Famous Science Fiction, 19661969, 9 issues

Fantastic, 19521980

Fantastic Adventures, 19391953

Fantastic Story Magazine, 195055

Fantastic Universe, 19531960, 69 issues

Fantasy Book, 19471951, 8 issues

Fantasy Fiction (aka: Fantasy Magazine), 1953, 4 issues

Flash Gordon Strange Adventure Magazine, 1936, 1 issue

Forgotten Fantasy, 19701971

Future Fiction (aka: Science Fiction), 19391943, 17 issues

Future Science Fiction, 1950 (see Future Fiction)

Galaxy Science Fiction, 19501980, 245 issues

Galileo, 19761980, 16 issues

Gamma, 19631965, 5 issues

Helix SF, 20062008, 10 issues

If (aka: Worlds of If), 19521974, 175 issues, revived 1987

Imagination, 19501958, 63 issues

Imaginative Tales (aka: Space Travel), 19541958, 26 issues

International Science Fiction, 19671968, 2 issues

Infinity (aka: Infinity Science Fiction), 19551958, 20 issues

Marvel Tales, 19341935, 5 issues

Miracle, 1931, 2 issues

Oceans of the Mind, 20012006

Odyssey, 1976, 2 issues

Omni, 19781995, 168+ issues

Orbit Science Fiction, 19531954, 5 issues

Other Worlds, 19491957

Out of this World, 1950, 2 issues

Planet Stories, 19391955, 71 issues

Rocket, 1953, 3 issues

Satellite, 19561959, 18 issues

Saturn, 19571958, 5 issues

Science Fiction, 19391941, 17 issues, revived in 1953

Science Fiction Adventures, 19561958, 12 issues

Science Fiction Age, 19922000, 46 issues

Science Fiction Digest, 1954, 2 issues

Science Fiction Plus, 1953, 7 issues

Science Fiction Quarterly, 19401943, 10 issues, revived 19511958

Science Stories, 19531954

Science Wonder Stories, 19291930, 12 issues

Sci Fiction, 20002005

Space Science Fiction, 19521953, 8 issues

Space Science Fiction Magazine, 1957, 2 issues

Space Stories, 19511953, 5 issues

Spaceway, 19531955, 12 issues, revived 19671970

Star SF, 1958, 1 issue

Startling Stories, 19391955, 99 issues

Stirring Stories, 19411942, 4 issues

Super Science Fiction, 19561959, 18 issues

Super Science Stories (aka: Super Science Novels), 19401943, 16 issues, revived 19491951

Ten Story Fantasy, 1951, 1 issue

Thrilling Science Fiction (aka: Thrilling Science Fiction Adventures), 19661975, 42 issues

Tomorrow Speculative Fiction, 19931997, 24 issues

Tops in SF, 1953, 2 issues

Two Complete Science Adventure Books, 19501954, 11 issues

Unearth (magazine), 19771978, 8 issues

Uncanny Tales, 19391940

Universe, 19531955

Unusual Stories, 19341935, 3 issues

Vanguard, 1958, 1 issue

Venture Science Fiction Magazine, 19571958, 16 issues, revived 19691970

Vertex, 19731975, 16 issues

Vortex, 1953, 2 issues

Vortex, 1977, 5 issues

Wonder Stories (aka: Thrilling Wonder Stories), 19301936, 66 issues

Worlds of Fantasy, 19681971, 4 issues

Worlds Beyond, 19501951, 3 issues

Worlds of Tomorrow, 19631967, 26 issues

Current magazines

Absent Willow Review 2008resent

Analog Science Fiction and Fact (aka: Astounding Stories, Astounding Science-Fiction and Analog Science Fact & Fiction), 1930resent

Apex Digest, 2005resent

Asimov’s Science Fiction (aka: Isaac Asimov’s Science Fiction Magazine), 1977resent

Clarkesworld Magazine 2006 – present

Electric Velocipede, 2001resent

The Future Fire, 2005resent US/UK

GUD Magazine 2006resent print/pdf

Heliotrope E-Zine, 2006resent

Hypersonic Tales, 2008resent

Ideomancer, 2002resent

InterGalactic Medicine Show, 2005resent

The Internet Review of Science Fiction, 2004resent (non-fiction only)

Jim Baen’s Universe, 20062010

Literary Science Fiction Library, 2008resent

The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction (aka: The Magazine of Fantasy), 1949resent

Not one of us, 1986resent

Orion’s Child Science Fiction & Fantasy Magazine, 1984, revived 2007resent

Paradox Magazine, 2003resent

Planet Magazine, 1994resent

Scifidimensions, 2000resent

Shimmer Magazine, 2005resent

Strange Horizons, 2000resent

Subterranean Magazine, 2005resent

Sybil’s Garage, 2003resent

Tales of the Unanticipated, 1986resent

The Third Level, 2006resent

British magazines

Defunct magazines

3SF, 20022003, 4 issues

Authentic Science Fiction, 19511957

Fantasy Tales, 1977, 1 issue

Farthing, 20052007

Nebula, 19521959, 41 issues

New Worlds, 19461971, 201 issues

Odyssey, 19971998, 8 issues

Outlands, 1946, 1 issue

Science Fantasy (aka: Impulse), 19501967

Science Fiction Adventures, 1963, 32 issues

Science Fiction Monthly, 19741976, 28 issues

SF Digest, 1976, 1 issue

Tales of Wonder, 19371942, 16 issues

Vargo Statten Magazine, 19541956 19 issues

Vision of Tomorrow, 19691970, 12 issues

Whispers of Wickedness webzine

Current magazines

Critical Wave, 19871996, 2008-

The Future Fire, 2005resent US/UK

Hub, 2006resent

Interzone, 1982resent

Jupiter Magazine, 2003resent

Murky Depths, 2007resent

Nemonymous, 2001resent

Polluto 2008resent, print

Postscripts, 2004resent

The Third Alternative (aka: Black Static), 1994resent

Other magazines

Defunct magazines

Fenix, 19902001 Poland

Hpna!, 19541969 Sweden

Null, 19601964 Japan

Alef, 19871993 Serbia

Sirius, 19761989 Croatia

Uchujin, 19571960s Japan

Uncanny Tales, 19401943 Canada

Current magazines

Albedo One, 1993resent Ireland

Andromeda Spaceways Inflight Magazine, 2002resent Australia

Aurealis, 1990resent Australia

Esli, ?resent Russia

Fantastyka (also known as Nowa Fantastyka), 1982resent Poland

Fantzia, 1997resent Slovakia

Futura, 1992resent Croatia

Galaktika, 19721995, revived 2004resent Hungary

Jules Verne-magasinet, 19401947, revived 19722009 Sweden

NewFoundSpecFic, 2009-Current – Canada

Neo-opsis Science Fiction Magazine, 2003resent Canada

Nova Science Fiction, 19821987, revived 2004resent Sweden

On Spec, 1989resent Canada

Science Fiction World, 1979resent China

SF Magazine, 1959resent Japan

Solaris, 1974resent Canada

Thtivaeltaja, 1982resent Finland

Ubiq, 2007resent Croatia

Universe Pathways, 2005resent Greece

Urania, 1952resent Italy

Usva webzine, 2005-present – Finland

References

Day, Donald B., Index to the Science Fiction Magazines: 19261950, Perri Press, 1952.

Strauss, Erwin S., The MIT Science Fiction Society’s Index to the S-F Magazines: 19511965, MITSFS, 1965.

Clute, John and Nicholls, Peter, The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, St. Martin’s Press, 1993.

Knight, Damon, Science Fiction in the 30’s, Avon Books, 1977.

Asimov, Isaac and Greenberg, Martin H., Isaac Asimov presents Great Science Fiction Stories of 1939, DAW Books, 1979.

See also

Fantasy fiction magazine

George Kelley Paperback and Pulp Fiction Collection

Horror fiction magazine

External links

Website for Locus, the newsmagazine of the science fiction field

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Source by: ryyy

Nokia 6120 – Comparison With All Other Similar Mobile Phones

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Source by: Dharmendra Chaudhary