Consumer durables are the products whose life expectancy is at least 3 years. These products are hard goods that cannot be used up at once. The consumer durables sector can be segmented into consumer electronics, such as, VCD/DVD, home theatre, music players, color televisions (CTVs), etc. and white goods, such as, dish washers, air conditioners, water heaters, washing machines, refrigerators, etc.
With the increase in income levels, easy availability of finance, increase in consumer awareness, and introduction of new models, the demand for consumer durables has increased significantly. Products like washing machines, air conditioners, microwave ovens, color televisions (CTVs) are no longer considered luxury items. However, there are still very few players in categories like vacuum cleaners, and dishwashers.
Consumer durables sector is characterized by the emergence of MNCs, exchange offers, discounts, and intense competition. The market share of MNCs in consumer durables sector is 65%. MNC’s major target is the growing middle class of India. MNCs offer superior technology to the consumers, whereas the Indian companies compete on the basis of firm grasp of the local market, their well-acknowledged brands, and hold over wide distribution network. MBA Project Reports require good information.
However, the penetration level of the consumer durables is still low in India. An important factor behind low penetration is poor government spending on infrastructure. For example, the government spending is very less on electrification programs in rural areas. This factor discourages the consumer durables companies to market their products in rural areas.
There has been strong competition between the major MNCs like Samsung, LG, and Sony. LG Electronics India Ltd. has announced its extension plan in 2006. The company is going to invest $250 million in India by 2011 and is planning to establish a manufacturing facility in Pune. TCL Corporation is also planning to establish a $22 million manufacturing facility in India. Project Report on Marketing requires quality information.
The Indian companies like Videocon Industries and Onida are also planning to expand. Videocon has acquired Electrolux brand in India. Also, with the acquisition of Thomson Displays by Videocon in Poland, China, and Mexico, the company is marking its international presence. According to isuppli Corporation (Applied Market Intelligence), country’s fiscal policy has encouraged Indian consumer electronic industry. The reduction on import duty in the year 2005-06 has benefited many companies, such as Samsung, LG, and Sony. These companies import their premium end products from manufacturing facilities that are located outside India. Indian consumers are now replacing their existing appliances with frost-free refrigerators, split air conditioners, fully automatic washing machines, and color televisions (CTVs), which are boosting the sales in these categories. Project Report on Finance requires data for 5 year period.
Some companies like Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. and LG Electronics India Ltd. are now focusing on rural areas also. These companies are introducing gift schemes and providing easy finance to capture the consumer base in rural areas.
Source by: MahaSagar Publications